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What Causes Death In Dementia Patients

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What Causes Death In Dementia Patients – Alzheimer’s disease causes a decline in memory, thinking, learning and organizational skills over time. It is the most common cause of dementia and usually affects people over the age of 65. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s, but certain medications and treatments can help manage symptoms temporarily.

Alzheimer’s disease (pronounced “alz-HAI-mirs”) is a brain condition that causes a decline in memory, thinking, learning, and organization. It eventually affects a person’s ability to perform basic daily activities. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia.

What Causes Death In Dementia Patients

Alzheimer’s symptoms get worse over time. Researchers believe that the disease process can begin 10 years or more before the first symptoms appear. AD usually occurs in people over the age of 65.

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Dementia describes the state of a person’s mental function. It is not a specific disease. It is a decline in brain function from an earlier stage that is severe enough to interfere with daily life.

A person with dementia has two or more of these specific problems, including changes or declines:

Dementia varies in severity. In the mildest stage, you may feel a slight decrease in mental function and need some help with daily activities. In the most severe stage, the person is completely dependent on others for help with simple daily tasks.

Dementia occurs when infection or disease affects the parts of your brain involved in learning, memory, decision making or language. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, accounting for at least two-thirds of dementia cases in people 65 and older.

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Alzheimer’s disease usually occurs in people over 65 years of age. The older you are 65, the more likely you are to develop Alzheimer’s.

Some people develop Alzheimer’s disease before the age of 65 – usually in the 40s or 50s. This is called early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. It is rare. Less than 10% of AD cases are primary.

Alzheimer’s disease is common. It affects about 24 million people worldwide. One in 10 people over the age of 65 and about a third of people over the age of 85 have the disease.

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Alzheimer’s disease organizations and medical professionals use different terms to describe the stages of Alzheimer’s disease based on symptoms.

While the terms are different, the stages all follow the same pattern – AD symptoms get progressively worse over time.

No two people experience AD ​​in the same way, however. Everyone with Alzheimer’s disease goes through the stages at a different pace. Not all trends are for everyone. Sometimes it can be difficult for providers to assign a person with AD to a specific stage, as the stages can overlap.

Don’t be afraid to ask your health care provider or loved one’s doctor what they mean when they use certain terms to describe the stages of Alzheimer’s.

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Providers usually refer only to the correct level of Alzheimer’s disease research. People with AD in the early clinical stage have no symptoms (are asymptomatic).

However, changes are in his mind. This stage can last for years or even decades. People in this stage are often not diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease because they function at a high level.

There are now brain imaging tests that can detect protein deposits in your brain called aloid that interfere with your brain’s communication system before symptoms start.

When memory problems become noticeable, health care providers often recognize it as mild cognitive impairment (MCI). It is a slight decline in mental abilities compared to others of the same age.

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You may notice a slight decline in cognitive abilities if you are in the early stages of Alzheimer’s. Others close to you can sense these changes and point them out. But the changes are not so severe that they interfere with daily life and activities.

In some cases, the effects of a treatable disease or illness cause mild cognitive impairment. However, for most people with MCI, it is a point on the road to dementia.

Researchers consider MCI to be the stage between the brain changes seen in normal aging and the early stages of dementia. A variety of diseases can cause MCI, including Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease. Also, dementia can have different causes.

Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) vary depending on the stage of the condition. In general, AD symptoms involve a gradual decline in some, many, or all of the following:

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People with memory loss or other symptoms of Alzheimer’s may find it difficult to recognize their cognitive decline. These symptoms may be more obvious to loved ones. Anyone experiencing dementia-like symptoms should see a health care provider as soon as possible.

AD symptoms become more noticeable in the milder stage. The most common early symptom is forgetting newly learned information, especially recent events, places and names.

Most people in the mild stage of AD have no problem recognizing familiar faces and can often travel to familiar places.

Intermediate Alzheimer’s is usually the longest stage and can last for several years. People in the middle stage of Alzheimer’s often need care and support.

Late Stage Care

Abnormal proteins that accumulate in your brain cause Alzheimer’s disease. The accumulation of these proteins – aloid proteins and tau proteins – causes the death of brain cells.

The human brain contains over 100 billion neurons and other cells. Neurons work together to complete all the communication necessary to perform functions such as thinking, learning, memory and planning.

Scientists believe that the protein aloid accumulates in the cells of your brain, forming large masses called plaques. Twisted fibers of another protein called tau form tangles. These tangles and tangles block communication between nerve cells, preventing them from carrying out their functions.

The slow death of nerve cells causes the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Neuron cell death starts in one area of ​​your brain (usually the area of ​​your brain that controls memory – the hippocampus) and then spreads to other areas.

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Despite constant research, scientists do not know exactly what causes the accumulation of these proteins. So far, they believe that genetic changes can cause the early onset of Alzheimer’s. They think that late-onset Alzheimer’s occurs because of a series of changes in the brain that can occur over decades. A combination of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors may contribute to the cause.

Researchers do not know why some people suffer from Alzheimer’s disease and others. But they have identified several factors that increase the risk of Alzheimer’s, including genetic (inherited) factors.

ε4, increases your risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease and is also associated with earlier onset of the disease. However, the possession

If you have a first-degree relative (biological relative or sibling) with Alzheimer’s disease, your risk of developing the disease increases by 10% to 30%. People who have two or more siblings with late-onset Alzheimer’s disease are three times more likely to develop the disease than the general population.

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Health professionals use different methods to determine if a person with memory problems has Alzheimer’s disease. This is because many other conditions, especially neurological conditions, can cause dementia and other Alzheimer’s symptoms.

In the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, the provider will ask you questions to better understand your health and daily life. Your doctor may also ask someone close to you, such as a family member or caregiver, to identify your symptoms. They will ask you to:

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but some medications can temporarily reduce the worsening of dementia symptoms. Medications and other interventions can also help with behavioral symptoms.

Starting treatment as soon as possible for Alzheimer’s disease can help you continue with daily activities for a while. However, current medications do not stop or reverse AD.

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Since AD ​​affects everyone differently, treatment is individualized. Health care providers work with people with Alzheimer’s and their caregivers to determine the best treatment plan.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two types of drugs to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease:

The FDA granted accelerated approval to aducanumab (Aduhelm™), the first disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer’s disease. Medicines help reduce the amount of alkaloids in your brain.

Aducanumab is a new drug, and researchers have studied its effects on people living with early Alzheimer’s disease. Because of this, it can only help people in the early stages.

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These drugs work by blocking the action of acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme responsible for breaking down acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is one of the chemicals that help nerve cells. Researchers believe that decreased levels of acetylcholine cause some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

Memantine (Namenda®) is FDA-approved for the treatment of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease. It helps keep certain brain cells healthy.

Studies have shown that people with Alzheimer’s who take memantine do better in the normal activities of daily living, such as eating, walking, toileting, bathing and dressing.

If your loved one has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, you can take steps to make them more comfortable in their environment and help manage behavioral changes. Can you:

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There is no approved medication for managing the behavioral symptoms of Alzheimer’s dementia. Certain medications may help some people, including:

These drugs can cause unpleasant or dangerous side effects (such as dizziness, which can cause a fall), because health care owners are often prescribed only for a short period of time when behavioral problems are severe. Or after your loved one

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