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Ms Affects What Part Of The Brain

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Ms Affects What Part Of The Brain – Multiple sclerosis causes damage to the protective tissue around the nerves of the brain and spinal cord. This can affect various body systems, causing problems with thinking, vision, emotions and movement, among other symptoms.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an episodic or progressive condition that weakens the immune system. It is caused by the breakdown of the protective cover (myelin sheath) around the nerves of the brain and spinal cord. This interferes with nerve messages in the brain and spinal cord, making it difficult for the brain and spinal cord to send and receive messages to each other and the rest of the body.

Ms Affects What Part Of The Brain

The cause of MS is not exactly known, and there is no cure. Symptoms and their severity may vary from person to person.

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. People assigned female at birth are more likely to develop MS than people assigned male at birth.

The exact cause of MS is unknown, and there is currently no cure. But drugs help control symptoms, reduce the number of relapses and slow the progression of the disease (exacerbation).

MS directly affects the nervous system because immune cells attack the myelin in the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms can affect other body systems and cause neurological symptoms, such as pain and weakness.

The main symptoms of MS are those that occur as a result of damage to the myelin sheath and the inner nerves. Doctors can treat these symptoms with medication to prevent MS attacks and slow the decline. This may include:

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Secondary symptoms of MS are complications that occur as a result of direct effects of MS. Examples include urinary tract infections caused by weak bladder muscles and muscle wasting caused by an inability to walk. Doctors can treat secondary symptoms with medications and other treatments.

When the immune system destroys the myelin sheath, the nerves become exposed. If the nerves are damaged, scar tissue known as plaques can form in the central nervous system.

The result is that the nerves inside the brain do not communicate effectively. This can cause nervous system symptoms including:

People can also experience depression because of MS or because of the difficulty of treating the disease.

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Although very rare, in advanced stages, MS can cause tremors, tremors and cognitive problems that are similar to other neurodegenerative conditions such as dementia.

Symptoms of dysfunctional nerves between the brain and organs, muscles, tissues and cells used by damaged nerves affect many body systems.

For many people, vision problems are the first symptom of MS and can start suddenly, affecting one or both eyes. They may include:

Although some people with MS have permanent vision problems, many can be successfully treated with steroids and other short-term treatments, such as special contact lenses.

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Although it is rare, some people with MS may experience hearing loss or deafness caused by damage to the brain. These types of hearing problems usually resolve when MS symptoms improve. But it can be permanent in some cases.

According to the National MS Society (NMSS), 25%-40% of people with MS experience language problems at some point. These may include:

People with MS may experience breathing difficulties caused by loss of consciousness, which can affect the nerves that control the chest muscles. Difficulty controlling these muscles may begin early in the disease and worsen as it progresses. Shortness of breath is a serious but rare complication of MS. It can often be improved by working with a respiratory therapist.

Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) may also occur. If demyelination weakens the muscles involved in swallowing or interferes with the body’s ability to control it, it can cause swallowing problems. When proper swallowing is interrupted, food or drink can be drawn into the lungs, increasing the risk of infections such as pneumonia.

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Coughing and choking while eating and drinking can occur if you have swallowing problems and should be evaluated immediately. Speech or language therapists can often help with swallowing problems.

Decreased activity in areas of the brain and spinal cord that control sensation, movement or balance results in weakness or loss of balance in the limbs or trunk. This can happen when the brain has trouble sending messages to the nerves and muscles. Symptoms may include:

These effects may begin slowly and worsen as demyelination progresses. Many people with MS begin to feel “wires and needles” and have difficulty with coordination or fine motor skills.

Over time, leg control and ease of walking can be impaired. In these cases, crutches, wheelchairs and other assistive technology can help with muscle control and strength.

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People with MS have a high risk of low bone density (osteoporosis) due to frequent and inactive MS treatment (steroids). Weak bones can make people with MS more susceptible to breaks and fractures, which can increase the risk if you also have balance and coordination problems.

Suggests that vitamin deficiency may play an important role in the development of MS. Although its effect on people with MS is not yet well understood, vitamin D is important for bone health and the immune system. More studies are needed to determine how well vitamin D supplements can benefit people with MS.

MS is thought to be an immune-related disease. This means that the body’s immune system mistakenly destroys healthy nerves, causing damage to the myelin sheath. Immune function appears to result in inflammation that is responsible for many of the symptoms of MS. Some symptoms may appear during an MS attack and resolve when the episode ends.

Other MS treatments include drugs and infusions that affect the body’s cells to help slow the progression of the disease. However, drugs that suppress the immune system can make people more vulnerable to infection.

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In some cases, dietary and physical therapy or self-care practices can reduce the impact of these problems on daily life. Sometimes, medication or other measures may be necessary.

This is because nerve damage affects how much urine people with MS can hold in the bladder. MS can cause:

These problems can make urination painful and cause frequent urination, even at night or when there is little urine in the bladder. A catheter may sometimes be needed.

Doctors can help people with MS manage bladder and bowel problems and avoid complications. But if it is not treated or managed, it can result in a serious infection.

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Pregnant women with MS may experience mild relapses during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. The NMSS also notes that exclusive breastfeeding may protect against postpartum relapse.

Symptoms of MS can sometimes make sex feel uncomfortable. But, in most cases, sexual problems can be successfully treated with medication, over-the-counter aids, or counseling.

Treatment to control the symptoms of MS, along with heart-healthy behaviors, such as eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly, can reduce a person’s risk.

When you have MS, your immune system destroys the protective covering around the nerves in the brain or spinal cord. This inflammation causes demyelination, which can cause nerve damage and symptoms that affect different body systems.

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These symptoms may include restlessness and restlessness, visual changes, muscle weakness, and bladder and bowel problems.

The NMSS notes that life expectancy is up to 7 years longer than people without MS due to preventable or manageable complications and other health conditions. Depending on the type of MS you have and the severity of your symptoms, you may have some disability.

MS directly affects the nervous system because immune cells attack the myelin in the brain and spinal cord. Damaged nerve activity can affect different body systems, causing symptoms such as muscle weakness, loss of bladder control and visual changes.

Although there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, several treatments can control the symptoms and reverse the disease by preventing its progression and general effects on your body.

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You can work with a doctor or medical team to develop a treatment plan that addresses your symptoms and helps prevent relapse and disease progression. This can make MS more manageable.

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Our experts are constantly monitoring the health and wellness area, and we update our articles as new information becomes available. The human brain is made up of two types of tissue: gray matter, which is made up of nerve cells, and white matter, which is made up of nerve cells. bundles of nerve fibers that connect nerve cells in different parts of the brain and conduct nerves between them.

Lael Stone, MD, a former multiple sclerosis (MS) neurologist at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, says:

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But “most MS [experts] at this point would say it’s clear that there is white and gray matter involvement,” says Dr. Stone. However, “you could put 10 MS experts in a room, and they would have a hard time agreeing on what is important and what comes first.”

White matter appears white because the protective sheath around nerve fibers, or axons, is a yellow, fatty substance called myelin.

“Axons are like electrical wires in the brain,” says Rhonda Voskuhl.

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