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Low Socioeconomic Status And Mental Health

5 min read

Low Socioeconomic Status And Mental Health – In honor of May’s Mental Health Awareness Month, we’re highlighting recent mental health and substance abuse numbers and findings in an infographic.

It cannot be denied that the modern world and the wonders that come with it have brought many benefits to mankind.

Low Socioeconomic Status And Mental Health

Find Friday night dates with one click, instantly talk to family thousands of miles away, and even get paid to work from home in your Sleep suit.

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However, the comforts and conveniences of the modern world are a powerful driving force behind why more and more people feel alienated, lonely, or lacking.

Modernity may have brought us closer, but it has also kept us apart. What do mental health and substance abuse disorders cost us?

This case study (and infographic!) takes a closer look at the latest figures on the prevalence, severity of illness and economic impact across the spectrum of mental health disorders, including substance abuse.

Social psychologists believe that certain features of modernity: secularism, individualism, media, meritocracy, perfectionism, and romanticism are factors that significantly contribute to the growing number of mental health problems that afflict not only a specific country, but about 1/7 people worldwide. i.e. 11-18 percent of the entire world’s population.

Pdf] Improving Physical Fitness And Emotional Well Being In Adolescents Of Low Socioeconomic Status In Chile: Results Of A School Based Controlled Trial.

It should be noted that mental health problems covered by this definition include mental disorders (depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, eating disorders and schizophrenia) and substance use, addiction (alcohol and drug use disorders).

The World Health Organization’s category of mental disorders also includes neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and developmental disabilities.

Although more and more people are talking openly about mental health in some countries, it remains largely hidden.

In Asia, where many cultures value “conformity to norms, emotional self-control, and recognition of family through achievement,” mental illness is often stigmatized and ignored. It is a source of shame.

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Meanwhile, about 63% of African-Americans considered depression a “personal weakness,” 30% said they would cope with depression on their own, and only a third said they would accept medication if prescribed by a doctor. Additionally, 92% of African American men with depression do not seek treatment.

Due to the stigma attached to mental health and substance abuse problems, an accurate picture of the global prevalence of mental health disorders remains incomplete. It is not uncommon for mental health problems to be underreported and go undiagnosed.

As a result, current diagnostic statistics alone do not get us any closer to accurate numbers. In addition, countries with a lower income level receive less attention and treatment for mental health disorders.

Women are more likely to suffer from mental health problems – depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder and eating disorders, but substance abuse and alcoholism are more common in men.

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Rates of mental health and substance use disorders are about the same as they were 26 years ago, but depression is slowly but steadily increasing among young people in the United States.

The costs of mental health problems are not limited to the stress, fatigue and reduced quality of life experienced by patients. Anxiety, depression, substance abuse and similar mental health problems can also affect society and the economy worldwide.

Use an infographic or let our design services team create an infographic for you. We’ll also upload this infographic to our infographic template library so you can reuse it as soon as possible! Can poverty lead to mental health problems? : Goats and fresh water It’s a fairly new question for science. Researchers are now looking for possible links.

After a mother killed her four young children and then committed suicide last month in rural China, witnesses quickly pointed to the living conditions.

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The family lived in extreme poverty, and bloggers speculated that his inability to escape adversity pushed him to the brink.

It is a complex question and quite new to science. Despite high levels of poverty and mental health disorders around the world, researchers only began to explore possible links about 25 years ago.

Since then, evidence has accumulated to show that there is at least a connection between the two cases. People living in poverty seem to have a higher risk of developing mental health problems. They also reported lower levels of happiness.

This seems to be true worldwide. In a 2010 review of 115 studies covering 33 countries across the developed and developing world, nearly 80% of the studies found that poverty was associated with higher rates of mental health problems. Among people living in poverty, these studies also show that mental illness is more severe, lasts longer, and has worse outcomes.

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And there is increasing evidence that depression rates are higher in poor countries than in rich ones. Johannes Haushofer, an economist and neurobiologist at Princeton University who studies the interaction between poverty and mental health, said the findings challenge the long-standing myth that “Africans are poor but happy sitting under a palm tree.

As data builds to link difficult economic conditions to emotional distress, researchers are still trying to answer a more complex question: what causes what?

University of Capetown psychologist Crick Lund, who studies mental health policy, says there are no easy answers. Mental illness is never caused by just one cause. Poverty may be a factor that interacts with genetics, adverse life events, or substance abuse.

But the strongest evidence to date shows that poverty can lead to mental health problems, particularly disorders such as depression.

Pdf) Socioeconomic Status And Mental Health Among Low Income Employees: A Systematic Literature Review

Since scientists can’t experimentally subject people to poverty to see what happens to their mental health, natural experiments offer one kind of clue. When disasters or hard times (such as job losses or prolonged droughts for farmers) wreak havoc on the economy, Haushofer says, many studies show an increase in depression.

On the other hand, people are often happier after economic headwinds. In a new study, Haushofer and his colleagues found that when families in Kenya received an average cash grant of $700 (nearly double the amount each person typically spends each year), they reported greater life satisfaction and less depression than before. They have money and they can use it for anything. The larger the amount transferred, the greater the mental motivation. It doesn’t matter if the money is paid monthly or all at once.

Haushofer adds that despite the long-held belief that winning the lottery ruins lives when people make poor decisions about how to spend their money, more recent evidence suggests otherwise. In a study published this year, Swedish researchers reported that lottery winners used less anxiety and sleeping pills after winning, suggesting they became happier.

So how does poverty “get under the skin” or into the brain, Lund asks? Stress is a top competitor. Some studies have found higher levels of the stress hormone cortisol in people living in poverty. A 2009 study found that in Mexican households that received cash benefits, young children had lower cortisol levels than children who did not receive extra cash. However, other studies have found no changes in cortisol levels.

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The rate of violence is also higher in economic stress. Living in the midst of violence can make depression worse, Lund adds. And studies have found a link between mental illness and poverty-related conditions, such as lack of food, lack of money to live on, and increased risk of physical illness.

In some cases, Lund said, mental illness can push people into poverty due to disability, stigma or more money for health care. It may matter, and some evidence suggests that poverty leads more often to depression, while illnesses such as schizophrenia lead more often to poverty.

It remains unclear how best to break the cycle. Although cash transfer programs have shown promising improvements in mental health, studies have not yet determined whether these improvements are long-lasting.

“I think it remains to be determined to what extent poverty reduction interventions actually lead to improvements in mental health,” says Lund. – It has not been evaluated accurately enough.

We Need To Address The Socioeconomic Causes Of Mental Health Issues If We Really Want To Tackle The Problem

There is also a lack of information on whether mental health interventions can actually reduce poverty rates or why some people remain resilient even in extremely difficult circumstances.

“We don’t know if addressing depression is a good intervention for poverty,” Haushofer said. Because depression causes people to lose their jobs, treating it may help, but there is no evidence.

Better data may be forthcoming. Lund is responsible for a project called PRIME, a multinational company whose goal is to implement treatment programs for mental health disorders in low-resource settings. One project is tracking efforts to improve access to mental health services in five countries, including Ethiopia, South Africa and Uganda, with preliminary results expected next year.

In 2013, the World Health Organization committed to the Mental Health Action Plan, which aims to increase access to services for people with severe mental illness by 20% and reduce suicide rates by 10% in 135 member states by 2020.

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About why the mother in China took it

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