Prince Philip’s family tree: How the Duke was connected to four royal families

Prince Philip: Royal family share their memories of late Duke

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This evening on ITV a new documentary about the Queen’s beloved husband will air. Philip: Prince, Husband, Father airs at 9pm and will feature rare archive and audio recordings from the late Duke of Edinburgh. What were Prince Philip’s Greek and Danish roots? And the Duke’s connections to the English, German and Russian royal families? This is Prince Philip’s family tree in full.

A new documentary will give viewers a glimpse into the life of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh.

Prince Philip died on April 9, 2021, just two months before celebrating his 100th birthday.

Queen Elizabeth had been married to Prince Philip for 73 years, their wedding took place on November 20, 1947.

However, the pair were actually distantly related, sharing Prince Albert and Queen Victoria as common ancestors.

Prince Philip’s mother, Princess Alice of Battenburg, was Queen Victoria’s great-granddaughter.

Princess Alice was married to Philip’s father, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark.

In order for Prince Philip to marry the Queen, he had to renounce his Greek and Danish titles and become a naturalised British subject.

Philip was also a direct descendant of the Romanov dynasty in Russia: he was the grandnephew of Alexandra Romanov, Nicholas II’s wife, and the last Tsarina of Russia.

In fact, in 2018, a forensic scientist revealed Prince Philip gave a blood sample to a forensics team working to establish whether remains found in 1991 near the Winter Palace were those of the Romanov family.

Philip took the surname Mountbatten from his maternal grandparents, Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine and Prince Louis of Battenberg.

Mountbatten is thought to be an anglicised version of the name Battenberg.

Prince Philip spent a lot of his early life with his grandmother, Victoria, and his uncle George Mountbatten.

Although Philip was born in Greece, his family left when he was just an infant, and he spent time in France before moving to the UK to attend Cheam School in 1930.

Philip was moved to a German school, however as Nazism began to rise in Germany, the school’s Jewish master moved to Gordonstoun school in Scotland, and Philip followed.

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During this time, his mother, Princess Alice, was confined to an asylum as she suffered from schizophrenia.

Prince Philip remained in the UK and in World War II he served in the Royal Navy, despite his family’s German ties.

Philip had four sisters who all married German princes, meaning when Philip served in the Navy, two of his brothers-in-law – Prince Christoph of Hesse and Berthold, Margrave of Baden – were fighting for the Germans.

Shortly after the Allies’ victory in World War 2, in 1947, Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Elizabeth and Philip.

The pair had first met years earlier as children, but their first official meeting was in 1939, when Elizabeth toured the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth with her father, King George VI.

The Mountbattens asked their nephew Philip to escort then Princess Elizabeth on her visit, and shortly afterwards the two started exchanging letters she was just 13, and Philip 18.

Years later, in 1946, Philip asked King George VI for permission to ask Elizabeth to marry him.

The King agreed but asked Philip to delay any public announcement of the engagement until 1947, when Elizabeth would be 21.

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