How Does Poverty Affect Our Society – Jasmine Baer,Jasmine Baer Project Manager – World Data Lab Marina Butch Christensen and Senior Technical Advisor Marina Butch Christensen – Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs Søren Davidson Søren Davidson Deputy Director of Evaluation, Learning and Quality Department – Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The world is experiencing a turning point in the fight against poverty. According to World Data Lab estimates, more than half of the world’s people living in extreme poverty will be vulnerable by 2022. Currently, there are 39 that the World Bank classifies as “countries with high institutional and social fragility” and “afflicted by violent conflict”. It is home to approximately 1 billion people, of whom 335 million lived in extreme poverty in 2020. Projections from the World Data Lab’s World Poverty Clock show that by 2030, 359 million people in today’s fragile states will live in extreme poverty, 63 percent of the world’s poor (see Figure 1). This means that while most stable countries hope to end extreme poverty, more than a third of the population in fragile states will remain in extreme poverty.
- 1 How Does Poverty Affect Our Society
How Does Poverty Affect Our Society
Geographically, poverty is increasingly concentrated in Africa and success in ending poverty globally will depend to a large extent on fragile African states. Today, of the 10 countries with the poorest people, four are fragile states, while the other six are relatively stable. By 2030, the top 10 will include five fragile states and two states currently experiencing fragility and conflict: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) (Figure 2).
Policy Brief — Publications — Columbia University Center On Poverty And Social Policy
Figure 2. By 2030, five of the 10 most extreme poor countries will be fragile states.
Note: Venezuela (classified as a fragile state) is likely to be one of the countries with the most extreme poverty in 2030. However, as they do not match the demographic and economic forecasts, it has been excluded from this analysis.
Ending poverty must focus the world’s attention on fragile states, and in the group of fragile states two countries stand out: Nigeria and the DRC. They will have a third of extreme poverty in 2030, as the number of extreme poor in both countries is expected to increase from 152 million to 178 million. This is more than the combined growth of all other fragile states.
Furthermore, Nigeria is part of a wider region experiencing high levels of conflict, fragility and poverty. Currently, seven of the 10 Sahel countries are classified as fragile (Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Nigeria, Eritrea), and these seven countries alone account for 26% of all extreme poor (147 million). . In 2030, non-fragile Sahel countries add only a paltry 2.6 million to this balance. After Nigeria, the Sahel countries with the highest percentage of extreme poverty in 2030 will be Sudan (8 million), Chad (7.7 million) and Mali (6.9 million).
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By 2030, non-fragile states will move closer to a reality where extreme poverty is history, but fragile states will have more people in extreme poverty than ever before. This vulnerability has long-term consequences for fragile states. Therefore, fragile states should be prioritized not only in humanitarian terms, but also for long-term development. The concentration of poverty in a few areas can otherwise have a paralyzing effect and create what can be called a “fragility trap”, a self-reinforcing tendency for countries to lose hope for stability. Furthermore, increasing poverty increases the risk of conflict, which in turn increases the risk of conflict resuming in fragile situations.
The probability of being poor or non-poor will increase whether you are born into a fragile situation or not. By 2030, 78% of non-fragile states will achieve Sustainable Development Goal 1 to end extreme poverty, while only 19% of fragile states are expected to achieve this goal. Furthermore, only half of all fragile states will reduce the absolute number of people in extreme poverty between 2020 and 2030.
Because fragile poor states have higher fertility rates than stable countries, the proportion of children in poverty is also higher. The data model below the World Poverty Clock allows poverty to be broken down by age, showing, for example, that half of Nigeria’s 90 million people living in extreme poverty in 2021 are children under the age of 15. Similarly, almost half of Nigeria’s 105 million children live in extreme poverty. These differences are evident in most fragile states.
Thus, by 2030, two-thirds of the world’s poor will live in fragile states, and half of them will be children, and among children living in fragile states, almost half will be very poor. This means that if a child is born with a vulnerable condition, it has a 50 percent chance of growing up in very severe conditions. If a child is born worldwide, the chance of growing up in extreme poverty is less than 5 percent. So the next generation’s prosperity will depend to a large extent on their success in helping the most vulnerable populations in the most vulnerable geographical areas, requiring more creativity and dedication than ever before. Poverty is a global problem and World Vision works every day to end it. , But what is the definition of poverty and what is poverty like all over the world? Read on to learn about the four main levels of poverty and explore what poverty looks like on different continents.
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To better understand how poverty is defined around the world, you need to understand that there are different levels of poverty that are accepted around the world.
Absolute poverty, often also called extreme poverty or extreme poverty, defines a situation in which a person or persons live in the most extreme conditions of poverty. As of 2018, an income of less than $1.90, or approximately £1.40, per day is considered to be living in absolute poverty, as defined by the World Bank.
However, extreme poverty is not only characterized by money and many people living in this level of poverty will also lack access to basic human needs. In 1995, the United Nations defined this level of poverty as follows: “It is a serious lack of basic human needs, including food, drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services. also about
With the help of World Vision, Susan from South Sudan installed a hand washing facility in her home to protect her son David from COVID-19 and other diseases.
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Relative poverty involves social context and recognizes that even though a person may earn more than $1.90 a day, they are living in poverty compared to their social context. Relative poverty is a more common problem in middle- and high-income countries, although it is not as prevalent as absolute poverty, but some sectors of the population are still struggling compared to the average citizen.
Relative poverty may also not be the traditional image of poverty associated with low-income countries. Habitat for Humanity says: “In general, poverty is about exclusion. In its most extreme form, it is the inability to get what you need for a decent life. In comparison, in more developed countries it is falling out of everyday life:
As you can see, financial capabilities can be a big part of what is and isn’t defined as poverty. However, due to global circumstances, people may not be living in financial poverty, but lack access to basic human needs such as clean water or education.
Whether due to geography and lack of access to supplies, war and conflict, or other factors, there are many reasons why a person not considered below the poverty line still lacks access to basic human needs. see that they live in non-financial poverty.
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The last of the four main definitions of poverty that you need to know is what is known as secondary poverty. While absolute and relative poverty can be defined as different types of ‘primary poverty’, secondary poverty refers to the situation where a person has enough money to meet their needs, although they spend a large part of their income on ‘essentials’. and they have very little left.
Often, the ‘non-needs’ referred to when talking about secondary poverty are coping mechanisms or are linked to addiction problems such as alcohol, gambling, tobacco or drugs. These addictive substances or activities are some of the main factors that contribute to secondary poverty and put people in a situation where they believe that they must use their income to satisfy their addictions in order to meet their needs.
In 2020, we participated in 174 projects in 36 countries around the world, 16 of which are in Africa. The purpose of our work in Africa is not only to help those in need, but to build a strong foundation of community where people can support themselves.
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