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How Does Multiple Sclerosis Affect The Nervous System

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How Does Multiple Sclerosis Affect The Nervous System – In an emotional post on Instagram, Selma Blair shared that she is among the 2.3 million people in the world with multiple sclerosis. The actress describes her struggles with muscle control and coordination as well as her wardrobe designer’s sympathetic efforts to help her complete the simple task of getting dressed. Fortunately, Blair reports that she has people around her who will help and support her in this chronic and uncertain condition.

MS is a chronic disorder in which cells of the immune system attack nerve cells of the central nervous system (CNS). There is a special substance called myelin that covers nerve cells and allows messages to pass from the brain to the body and vice versa.

How Does Multiple Sclerosis Affect The Nervous System

During an attack, the immune system attacks myelin, nerve sheaths become inflamed, and communication between the brain and body is disrupted. Inflammation and damage to nerve sheaths cause multiple areas of scarring (sclerosis) in the central nervous system, hence the name multiple sclerosis. Unfortunately, the cause of MS remains unknown. Scientists believe it may be caused by an unknown interaction between genetic predisposition and environmental factors.

Understanding Multiple Sclerosis Anatomical Chart, 2nd Edition

Because the central nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, and specialized optic nerves, multiple sclerosis can affect different parts of the body, including the arms, legs, and eyes. . The most common problems are vision, balance and muscle control. Other symptoms include fatigue, numbness and tingling, weakness, dizziness, pain, and emotional changes.

Most people with MS are diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 50, with at least two to three times more women than men diagnosed with the disease.

All people with multiple sclerosis have the same type of MS, but the course of the disease can be different. It can be divided into four different stages: clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing and remitting MS, secondary progressive MS, and primary progressive MS.

They differ in the time of disease onset, the severity of symptoms, whether or not the disease progresses during remission, and the ability of the affected person to return to baseline levels of functioning.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatments

There is no cure for MS. Specialists who treat MS are called neurologists. A neurologist will most likely use a combination of medication, physical therapy, and psychiatric care to support a patient after an MS diagnosis. The drugs used are drugs to treat the disease, drugs to treat relapses, and drugs to treat symptoms related to the attack.

Dr. Colette Poole-Boikin is a child psychiatrist at Yale-New Haven Hospital and a member of the ABC News medical team.

Death comes from sea, air and land: Timeline of Hamas’ surprise attack on Israel October 10 4:44 p.m. While many of us have heard of multiple sclerosis ( MS) and its devastating impact on an individual’s quality of life, research has shown does not support many common misconceptions, including the impact of exercise on MS .

Let’s start with an overview of what MS is. Simply put, it is a progressive neurological disorder in which myelin, the fatty tissue that surrounds the nerves in the brain and spinal cord, breaks down. This leads to the formation of scar tissue (sclerosis). Myelin is essential in transmitting impulses along nerves, so the absence of this tissue will slow down and disrupt communication between the brain and body, causing difficulties in muscle contraction, movement and cognition. . 3, 4, 6, 7 Approximately 55,000 to 75,000 Canadians and more than 2 million people worldwide have MS. first

How Does Multiple Sclerosis Affect Brain By Dr Vikram Chauhan

What many of us don’t realize is that although MS can be fatal, many people with MS have a normal lifespan.4 Another common myth related to MS is that it makes people immobile. 4 There is no doubt that MS reduces an individual’s mobility, however, if detected early and treated with appropriate treatment, people with MS can maintain mobility and delay or avoid the need to use a wheelchair or other assistive devices.4 MS can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe. , based on a disability scale of 0-6 called the Kurtzke Expanded Disability Scale.3 A score of 0 represents normal function, 1 represents non-disabling MS symptoms, and finally a score of 2- 6 represents increasing levels of impairment. 3

Many of us have difficulty motivating ourselves to go to the gym and get active, myself included. Maybe we lack motivation, feel tired and have no energy to run. This inactivity can accelerate the development of secondary health conditions such as: 5, 6

Imagine how the 89.6% of people with MS who suffer from excessive fatigue feel when medical professionals advise them to exercise more.

Contrary to what we might think, studies have shown that exercise can actually reduce general fatigue in people with MS. 2, 3, 5, 6 People with MS who exercise at least twice a week for at least 30 minutes have seen improvements in their quality of life and reduced levels of fatigue and depression.4

Understanding Multiple Sclerosis

Keeping active is an excellent strategy for maintaining mobility and muscle function, while also preventing secondary complications related to sedentary behavior. For most people, regular exercise increases muscle strength, endurance and improves cardiovascular and respiratory health, and the same is true for people with MS. the development of secondary medical conditions that complicate MS symptoms.

Temperature is a key factor to consider in people with MS, as approximately 80% of people diagnosed with MS will experience heat sensitivity.3 Exercise in warm environments and increase body temperature too much levels that have been shown to increase individual fatigue and reduce the exercise intensity that can be achieved before the onset of exercise-induced fatigue. This is because increased body temperature also slows down the impulse conduction process in damaged nerves.

However, cooling the body will reduce symptoms associated with MS (white). 6 For this reason, patients with MS should:

– Exercise in the pool at a water temperature of 27-29 degrees Celsius. Water is an excellent heat dissipation medium and can also be used to cool the body before performing exercises on land. 6

How Multiple Sclerosis Affects The Body > News > Yale Medicine

Poor transmission of nerve impulses can cause severe muscle weakness in people with MS. Weak muscles can lead to balance problems and poor muscle coordination, increasing the risk of falls and even broken bones. In fact, the risk of bone fractures is 2 to 3.4 times higher in people with MS. 6

For this reason, people with MS should perform cardiovascular exercise on a cycling ergometer or in a swimming pool to minimize the risk of falls. 6

Water exercise has the added benefit of providing movement resistance without the need for any exercise equipment. Water’s buoyancy also allows weak limbs to be supported through a greater range of motion. 7

Now that we’ve laid out the condition and all the special considerations associated with MS, let’s get to the “meat and potatoes”… how often, for how long, and which muscle groups should be targeted ?

Symptoms Of Multiple Sclerosis Stock Photo

For strengthening and stretching exercises, special focus should be placed on the body’s major muscle groups including the abdominals, hip flexors, hamstrings, groins, glutes, calves, and glutes. Stretch your neck, chest and front shoulder muscles. 3 These are all muscle groups that we use every day when we stand, walk, lift or push objects. Weakness of one or more of these muscle groups can cause difficulty with daily activities. For example, weak glutes can cause an abnormal gait that causes the hips to drop when walking.

Before you begin increasing muscle flexibility and good range of motion in your joints and muscles is essential. Increasing range of motion is accomplished by stretching.

Now that the joints are mobile, it’s time to develop muscle strength. Without some basic strength, cardio and endurance exercises can be challenging, so some basic strength training is often done before starting any program. What high-intensity cardio?

Strengthening progression should start with light resistance in the form of therapy tubes, progressing to exercise machines and finally free weight exercises. Free weights are the ultimate advancement because many other muscles are activated during free weight exercises than those specifically trained to stabilize the body.

Pictures Of Multiple Sclerosis: How Ms Affects Your Brain

– Exercise 2-3 times a week, going through a series of exercises that target major muscle groups.

–  Rest between exercises for at least 1 minute or until you feel ready for the next exercise

–  1 – 3 sets are recommended to ensure you start low and build up to more sets when you are ready. It is important to ensure that exercise is always acceptable.

–  8 – 15 repetitions is a general recommendation, when 15 repetitions of an activity can be completed in 2 consecutive training sessions it is a sign that the training intensity needs to be increased.

Multiple Sclerosis Nursing Care Plans

Cardiovascular exercise aims to improve the health of the heart and lungs to enable individuals to meet the physical demands placed on the body and prevent any secondary conditions such as coronary heart disease . Cardiovascular exercises should be: 3

– 20-

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