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How Does Hiv Aids Affect The Body

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How Does Hiv Aids Affect The Body

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Signs Of Hiv To Know

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Hiv And Your Cbc (complete Blood Count)

HIV can affect anyone and some symptoms may be different for women. In addition to flu-like symptoms and skin changes, a person may notice menstrual disturbances, more frequent vaginal infections, and mood swings.

Among trans women surveyed in seven major US cities with HIV, two-thirds of African American/Black trans women and one-third of Latinx trans women reported HIV positive.

Below, we explain the symptoms of HIV in women, how doctors diagnose the condition, and what treatment options are available.

Gender and gender exist on a spectrum. This article uses “male,” “female,” or both to refer to the sex assigned at birth. Click here to know more.

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Within weeks of being infected with HIV, the body undergoes seroconversion, during which the virus multiplies rapidly.

These symptoms are similar to a cold or flu, so at first they may not be associated with HIV.

After an acute HIV infection, the virus continues to multiply at a slow rate. A person may or may not have symptoms.

Treatment can slow or stop the progression of the virus. Without treatment, some people may not experience additional symptoms for up to ten years after the initial infection.

Why Hiv Spreads Less Easily In Heterosexual Couples

The neck can be felt below the chin and behind the ears. The swelling can cause difficulty swallowing and can last anywhere from a few days to months.

If a person does not receive HIV treatment, the virus can cause nausea, diarrhea, poor absorption of food, and loss of appetite.

This can include depression, which can cause feelings of hopelessness and extreme sadness. People may also experience stress and memory loss.

Create unusual spots on the skin. They can be red, pink, brown or purple. These spots can appear inside the mouth, eyelids or nose.

Aids: Symptoms, Causes, Risk, Treatment & Prevention

Menstruation and some people with HIV notice lighter or heavier periods. If a person is experiencing rapid weight loss, they may start missing periods.

In addition, hormonal fluctuations can change or worsen menstrual symptoms such as cramping, breast tenderness, and fatigue.

It is important to remember that menstrual changes are normal and not a sign of HIV. But if they present with other symptoms, HIV screening may be warranted.

Although almost everyone has yeast infections from time to time, HIV can cause these infections more often.

How Is Hiv Transmitted?

When a person has HIV, their immune system uses more energy to fight the virus. As a result, their bodies are less equipped to fight other diseases.

It’s important to remember that recurrent yeast infections are also common in people with vaginitis. They are not characteristic of HIV and are more common in diabetics. Persistent yeast infections may warrant HIV screening, especially if they occur at the same time as other symptoms.

HIV-positive transgender women experience many of the same symptoms as cisgender women. These include flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, rapid weight loss, skin changes and mood swings.

Although there is some research suggesting that there may be an interaction between antiretroviral therapy to treat HIV and female hormone therapy, it is recommended that transgender women continue with gender-affirming care after an HIV diagnosis.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (hiv) & Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids): Nursing

Get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine care. He advises all pregnant women to take an HIV test.

If a person has any of the above risk factors, they should talk to their doctor about HIV testing. Your doctor should tell you how often to take the test.

In 2019 there were nearly 7,000 new HIV diagnoses among young women in the US and US dependent territories. This figure represents 19% of the total diagnoses in these regions that year.

There were a total of 37,801 new HIV diagnoses in the US and US dependent territories in 2019.

Hiv Signs And Symptoms In Women

Transgender people were among them. According to a 2022 Pew Research Center study, approximately 1.6% of all US adults identify as transgender or non-binary.

Different types of tests help doctors diagnose HIV. Some tests cannot detect the virus in its early stages.

Anyone who has been infected with the virus and has early symptoms may want to talk to their doctor about nucleic acid testing.

Although there is currently no cure for HIV, doctors can prescribe drugs that stop the virus from replicating or reduce the rate at which the virus multiplies.

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Ideally, if a person takes antiretroviral therapy as directed, the virus stops replicating and the immune system can handle the rest.

The level of virus may decrease until it is no longer detectable. But HIV is still in the body, and if a person stops taking their medication, the virus can start replicating again.

These drugs may use different regimens but may be given as a once-daily combination pill (it is very rare for patients to receive several separate drugs).

Symptoms of HIV can be similar to those of other diseases. The initial symptoms are similar to the flu, for example.

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Thanks to innovations in treatment, people can treat HIV like any other chronic condition. It helps prevent late symptoms.

Medical news today has strict sourcing guidelines and sources only from peer-reviewed studies, academic research centers, and medical journals and societies. We avoid using third party references. We link to primary sources including studies, scientific references and statistics in each article and list them in the Resources section at the bottom of our articles. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policy. Medical Review of Daniel Murrell, MD – Rachel Knoll, MSN, CRNA – Updated April 24, 2020

HIV attacks specific types of immune system cells in the body. This is called a CD4 helper cell or T cell. When HIV destroys this cell, it becomes difficult for the body to fight other infections.

When HIV is left untreated, even a minor infection like a cold can become more severe. This is because it becomes difficult for the body to fight new infections.

Hiv And Your Liver

HIV not only attacks CD4 cells, but also uses the cells to make more of the virus. HIV destroys CD4 cells by using their replication machinery to create new copies of the virus. This eventually causes the CD4 cells to multiply and explode.

When the virus destroys a certain number of CD4 cells and the CD4 count falls below 200, a person progresses to AIDS.

However, it is important to remember that advances in HIV treatment have enabled many people living with HIV to live long and healthy lives.

HIV is spread through contact with the following body fluids, from most likely to least likely to cause HIV transmission:

How Does Hiv Affect The Body

Sex without a condom and sharing needles — like tattoo or piercing needles — can lead to HIV transmission. However, if an HIV-positive person is able to achieve viral suppression, they will not be able to transmit HIV to others through sexual contact.

, a person reaches viral suppression when they have less than 200 HIV RNA copies per milliliter of blood.

HIV does not always multiply quickly. If left untreated, it can take years before a person’s immune system is affected enough to show symptoms of immune disorders and other diseases. View a timeline of HIV symptoms.

Even without symptoms, HIV is still present in the body and can still be transmitted. Getting the right treatment for the viral cause

How Does Hiv Affect The Body?

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