How Does Hiv Affect Women – Home > Information about HIV > Pregnancy and HIV: A woman living with HIV and a man living with HIV (Seroconcordant)
Note: In this fact sheet, “women” and “men” refer to cisgender people. Many references to “women” relate to women who were born without identifying as women; and references to “male” refer to males born who do not identify as male.
How Does Hiv Affect Women
There are many ways to reduce the risk of contracting HIV while trying to conceive. If you are a woman living with HIV and a man living with HIV looking for information about fertility, the options below will help you understand what is best for you. and prepare you for a discussion with your doctor. (You can return to the main page “Pregnancy and HIV” for more options and more general information.)
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The best thing you can do in this situation is to take your HIV medication regularly and keep your infection at bay, even if you have no symptoms and are immune. not good. This will reduce the chance of passing on other types of HIV (which may be stronger or more resistant to drugs) to your partner. The transmission of another type of HIV to a partner who is already living with HIV is called “superinfection”.
As with different partners, you can reduce the risk of passing HIV to your baby or other infections to your partner by reducing your infection before trying to conceive. son A single infection can reduce the risk of passing it on to the baby by less than 1 percent. Getting checked and treated for any sexually transmitted infections or diseases (STIs or STDs) before trying to get pregnant will also reduce your chances of passing on other types of HIV between partners.
If you choose this method, your risk of pregnancy is higher if you have sex without a condom when the woman is ovulating (when she is most likely to get pregnant; this is usually often called “time sex”). Ovulation occurs when an egg is released from a woman’s ovary and usually occurs about two weeks before a woman’s period begins. Insemination during the “fertile window” – usually one to two days before ovulation and one day after ovulation – has a better success rate. For more information on understanding and tracking your fertility visit:
This includes using a sperm donor from someone you know or from a sperm bank. Not all states allow the use of sperm from a sperm bank for home fertility. If it is possible to use the sperm bank to donate sperm for home insemination in your state, ask your sperm bank for instructions on how to use the sperm at home.
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If you use sperm from someone you know, have the man ejaculate (squirt) into a clean cup or condom. If you use condoms, make sure you use condoms without antibiotics. Then, using a syringe (no needle), you suck up the sperm and insert the needle into the vagina. When the syringe is deep in the vagina, you squeeze out and release the sperm.
Based on personal experience and at least one study, it is generally recommended that a woman sleep 20 minutes after ejaculation to improve fertility. Home insemination is better when the woman is fertile or when ovulating. You can find needleless syringes in almost every pharmacy, as they are often used to administer medicines to children. Your HIV doctor may also have some to give you.
Semen purification refers to the process in which the sperm is separated from the fluid (semen = sperm + seminal fluid). Since HIV is present in seminal fluid but not semen, “washing” sperm from seminal fluid reduces the risk of HIV infection. See “Understanding Research” for more information. Sperm cleaners can be used with the reproductive methods described below.
This means that the sperm fertilizes the egg using medical or medical procedures. Assisted reproduction (sometimes called “assisted reproductive technology”) is important when future parents need help preventing the transmission of HIV between partners, using donor sperm, or having problems conceiving at home due to fertility problems. Unfortunately, few homes offer birth control services for people living with HIV, and few health insurance companies cover it. There are many different types of babysitting services:
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This includes the use of IVF and egg donation from other women who have been tested for pregnancy and disease. A woman who donates eggs takes fertility drugs to help prepare her eggs (also called egg maturation). When the egg is ready (or mature), they are removed from the ovary and placed in a bowl with sperm. When there is a fertilized egg (embryo), it is implanted in your uterus (womb). Although this method uses the eggs of a woman who is HIV negative, it is important that you take anti-HIV drugs to prevent HIV from being passed on to your baby during pregnancy. pregnant or giving birth.
Your eggs are fertilized using IVF or ICSI and then transferred to another woman’s uterus. That woman, the surrogate, carries and gives birth to your child. Although it is possible to have an egg from a woman living with HIV fertilized by the sperm of a man with HIV and implanted in an HIV-negative person, you will encounter many problems. legal or regulatory issues with the pregnancy option. Even if this option is legal in your state, it can be difficult to find fertility clinics or daycare centers that are willing to offer this service to people living with HIV.
As a woman living with HIV, you can choose to have your partner’s sperm fertilize the egg of an HIV-negative woman, and the same HIV-negative woman or another woman will give birth to your child. In this case, your man’s sperm must be cleaned and then use one of the child care programs described above to impregnate the negative HIV virus.
Providing a permanent family for a child without parents can be an option, even if childlessness is an option for you. Adoption can be done in the US or internationally. Unfortunately, while many people living with HIV welcome children into their homes through adoption, some organizations and/or countries may be considered for people living with HIV who get a baby
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When you decide to have a baby as an HIV positive person, it is important to be an advocate for yourself and your future child. Finding a good doctor who supports your pregnancy plan is a big first step! A health care provider can talk to you about many questions about pregnancy and childbirth: which method is right for you and HIV treatment for you and/or your partner pair. They can also talk to you about whether to share your HIV status with others (such as other doctors, your child’s doctor, other friends and family) and what to do. manage the stigma or fear you may experience living with HIV and having children. For more information on building a support network, visit the ‘Pregnancy and HIV’ page.
Finally, you can choose when and whether to have children. You deserve to be cared for and have access to the necessary information to make informed decisions and plan for your future.
The benefits of antiretroviral therapy against HIV for women in couples trying to conceive when the man… (CDC)
PrEP appears to be safe for use during pregnancy but may not be appropriate if the partner is on treatment (AIDSmap)
Hiv And Women’s Health
Can HIV positive couples get pregnant without being infected? (USVA)
Join our community and become a member to find support and connect with other women living with HIV. Review by Cameron White, MD, MPH – Ann Pietrangelo and Kristeen Cherney – Updated June 30, 2023
HIV destroys CD4 cells, which are responsible for keeping people healthy and protecting them from disease and infection. As HIV slowly weakens the immune system, signs and symptoms may appear.
HIV targets the type of cells that normally fight invaders such as HIV. As the virus replicates, it damages or destroys the infected CD4 cells and creates viruses to infect more CD4 cells. CD4 cells are also called T cells or helper cells.
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Without treatment, this cycle can continue until the immune system is weakened, putting the person at risk of severe illness and infection.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the final stage of HIV. At this stage, the immune system is very weak and the risk of infection is much higher.
However, not all people with HIV will develop AIDS. The earlier the person is treated, the better the outcome.
The immune system protects the body from infection and infection. White blood cells protect the body from bacteria, viruses and other diseases that
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