How Does Depression Affect Teens – Depression in teenagers can look similar to depression in adults. However, teenage depression is also associated with specific symptoms, such as extreme irritability, low self-esteem, fixation on failure, frequent visits to the school nurse, frequent illnesses, increased risk-taking or impulsive behavior, and extreme sensitivity to rejection or failure.
Depression, a mood disorder, leads to depressive symptoms that affect emotional, mental and physical functioning. Often these symptoms cause a constant feeling of melancholy or despair, accompanied by a loss of energy.
- 1 How Does Depression Affect Teens
- 2 Teen Depression Cns Center
- 3 Teen Depression And Anxiety: Why The Kids Are Not Alright
- 4 Signs Of Depression In Teens
How Does Depression Affect Teens
In teenagers, depression goes beyond teenage anxiety or moodiness that occurs during the teenage years. Unlike teenage anxiety, depression is a potentially life-threatening condition that profoundly affects functioning and social development.
The Effects Of Depression In Your Body
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Although adolescence is typically marked by youthful anxiety or general feelings of insecurity and fear, depression goes much further. Depression is a serious mental condition that can be life-threatening (ie teenage suicide) and has permanent consequences if left untreated. There are several signs of depression in teenagers to look out for.
Adolescent depression in males can look different than in females. Young men in adolescence have a tendency to anhedonia, that is, loss of pleasure in life. They may feel increased irritability, restlessness, self-hatred and sadness. They may also have behavioral symptoms such as physical anger or tantrums and increased fatigue.
Teen Depression Cns Center
In general, depressive symptoms in teenage boys are outwardly directed, but not in all cases. Anger, irritation, changes in sleep and behavior are signs of a problem. When depression persists, it can lead to more debilitating depression, including severe symptoms such as self-loathing, self-harm, and suicide.
Depression in teenage girls manifests itself in clear symptoms compared to depression in men. Feelings of guilt and difficulty concentrating are primary signs of depression in teenagers. In addition, loss of appetite, dissatisfaction with body image, changes in sleep patterns, and general sadness and loss of interest may occur.
Teenage girls have more cognitive symptoms, which sometimes leads to more subtle behavior, but the outward expression of these inner feelings can be quite noticeable. One study suggests that lack of social support is a risk factor for women, suggesting the social effects of depression.
The symptoms of depression in teenagers are similar to those in adults. However, behavioral symptoms can vary, possibly due to the developmental stage at which these symptoms appear and biological factors that already influence typical adolescent behavior.
Guide To Cell Phones And Teenage Depression
This time in your teenage years involves a lot of change. It is normal for them to face common teenage problems, such as changing friends, interests and hobbies, and perhaps even sexuality. It is also normal for teenagers to experience changes in their academic performance and/or enthusiasm for school. Give them space to explore themselves and deal with some of these changes while you monitor their overall well-being.
It can be difficult to determine typical levels of mood or anxiety in relation to actual mental health. Make an appointment with your child’s doctor if you notice that mood or behavior changes are long-lasting, extreme, debilitating, or affecting their daily activities.
Although the general signs and symptoms of depression remain relatively the same when comparing teenagers and adults, there are key differences. Teenage depression is often expressed as anger and irritability, which can easily be mistaken for teenage anxiety, while adults with depression appear sadder and more withdrawn.
A study comparing depression symptoms in young people and adults found that young people were more likely to experience physical disturbances caused by depression, such as loss of energy, changes in weight, appetite and sleep patterns. Loss of interest, called anhedonia, and difficulty concentrating are more commonly reported in adults.
Teen Anxiety And Depression: 4 Red Flags To Look Out For
Depression is strongly associated with suicide and also increases the risk of self-harm. Teenagers with depression are 12 times more likely to attempt suicide than the general population.
A very important thing to pay attention to is suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Depression is closely related to suicide, and teenagers with depression are especially at risk.
Depression is thought to have many causes, some of which are related to genetics, others to trauma or experiences, and still others to socialization and upbringing. As for depression, some factors are known to increase the risk of depression.
Is depression genetic? Although it is questionable whether a gene causes depression, genetics does play a role. For example, if a parent of a teenager has depression, they are two or three times more likely to develop depression. This probability increases if depression recurs.
Teen Depression And Anxiety: Why The Kids Are Not Alright
Even without a family history of depression, teenagers who inherit other traits or disorders, such as learning or developmental disabilities, are more likely to develop depression.
Experiencing childhood trauma can have many dramatic effects on brain development and emotional regulation. Acute stress reactions to a traumatic event change brain chemistry. In fact, depression is a common condition that co-occurs with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One study found that 31% of people met criteria for probable depression 6 months after experiencing physical trauma.
Over time, a negative thinking pattern can lead to depression. It found that, especially among women, teenagers with a poor outlook and negative self-talk may be more likely to develop depression. Negative thinking patterns also affect self-esteem and socialization, which protects against depression.
Social and behavioral factors can influence the likelihood that a teenager will develop depression. Chronic illness or identifying as LGBTQ can be risk factors for depression.
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How social media affects teenagers is important. Depending on the type of social media a teenager surrounds themselves with, they may be forced to find unhealthy ways to cope with depression or be at risk of being bullied or ridiculed for their mental health. While social media may not be the direct cause of depression or other mental health issues, it certainly has negative effects.
The sooner you start diagnosing and treating depression, the better, and it’s very important for teenagers to start treatment as soon as possible. It is important that teenagers receive prompt diagnosis and treatment for depression because they are experiencing so much social and cognitive development at this time in their lives.
Teenagers have to question a lot about their existence, their own worth and their ability to fit in with their peers. Depression often isolates someone from their peers, friends and family, while negative self-talk convinces them that they are worthless and insignificant.
Untreated teenage depression can lead to teens using alcohol and other substances to cope, engaging in risky behaviors, or harming themselves. Untreated depression can affect all other areas of a teenager’s life.
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When assessing and diagnosing depression, it is common to receive an assessment tool or questionnaire from a doctor or mental health professional. In addition to using the assessment tool, the health care provider uses the diagnostic criteria of the most recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5-TR) and records symptoms, onset, and duration to make a diagnosis.
Signs Of Depression In Teens
An assessment is a conversation with a health care provider that helps get an accurate picture of teen depression. The assessment may use an assessment tool known as the Patient Health Questionnaire or PHQ-9, which is used to help diagnose major depressive disorder (MDD). A health care provider may prefer to use the PHQ-9 modified for adolescents (PHQ-A) to diagnose adolescents.
In addition, as a parent, you can receive your own survey or questionnaire, in which you are asked to record your observations from the past two weeks and the past month. This will give your healthcare provider a more comprehensive picture of the teenage experience.
Depending on the severity and prevalence of teenage depression symptoms, different treatment options may be considered. The recommended form of treatment for depression is therapy, where it is possible to use medication in addition to treatment.
Regular talk therapy with a trained, licensed professional is usually recommended. CBT for depression and interpersonal therapy are two examples of evidence-based treatments for depression in teenagers.
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Depression medications alone are usually not a long-term solution, but they can be
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