How Does Dementia Affect Memory – Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a progressive brain disorder. This means that over time, some parts of your brain deteriorate and stop working. Depending on where it starts in your brain, the situation affects your attitude or ability to speak and understand others. It is incurable or incurable, but some symptoms are treatable.
Frontotemporal dementia refers to a group of diseases that involve the weakening of the frontal and temporal lobes of your brain. As those areas deteriorate, you lose control of those areas. People with FTD usually lose the ability to speak and understand speech behaviors or languages.
- 1 How Does Dementia Affect Memory
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- 3 What Is Dementia
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How Does Dementia Affect Memory
People with FTD may fall under one of three common symptoms. Two of these are subtypes of primary congestive heart failure (PPA). BPA is a degenerative brain disease. Despite its name, it is very different from a disease / symptom condition that affects the ability to speak or understand spoken language, such as stroke. Three common symptoms:
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Frontotemporal dementia is an age-related disease, but it occurs faster than most age-related conditions that affect your brain. Most people develop FTD between the ages of 50 and 80, and the average age at onset is 58.
Overall, FTD affects men and women equally. However, all three conditions under FTD do not affect individuals who are designated as male at birth and individuals who are designated as female at birth. Men are more likely to have bvFTD and svPPA, and women are more likely to have nfvPP and corticobasal dystrophy. FTD is a family-run condition that accounts for about 40% of cases in people with a family history of FTD.
FTD is an unusual condition, but it is becoming more and more popular. Experts estimate it occurs in 15 to 22 per 100,000 people. That means 1.2 million to 1.8 million people worldwide.
FTD affects the anterior and posterior parts of your brain in the early and middle stages of the disease. Because FTD affects those lobes, the nerves in those areas stop working, causing you to lose some of your ability (listed below).
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Your temporal lobes are on the side of your brain immediately below and behind your anterior lobe. It manages as follows:
The symptoms of FTD depend on which part of the brain is affected. Even among identical twins, no two brains are the same, so FTD affects each person differently. Many of the symptoms are similar but often occur in different combinations or they can be more or less severe.
Blocking is when your brain tells you not to do something. Loss of your obstruction due to anterior lobe degeneration may look like the following:
Health care providers often confuse depression with depression because the two have many similarities. Hunger is like:
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People who lack empathy (sometimes called “emotional distortion”) may have trouble reading other people’s emotions. They may seem cold, upset, or careless.
People with FTD often behave differently from people without conditions. Sometimes behavioral changes are small and occur to a small extent. For others, the transition can be more complex, involving many steps or strict routines. Some examples are as follows:
People with FTD often have a condition called “hyperorality”, which means they overeat, eat non-food items (a condition known as pica), or engage in coercive, focused behaviors. Such as smoking or using the mouth to get emotional (such as a child’s normal exploratory behavior).
Execution function is your ability to plan and solve problems, keep order, and motivate yourself to get things done. People with FTD have problems with function, but how you process what you see and your memory is not affected until later in life.
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FTD occurs when neurons, a type of brain cell, deteriorate. It usually occurs when there is a malfunction in the way your body makes certain proteins. An important part of the function of a protein is its appearance. Like a lock not unlocked or unlocked if it is not in the right shape, your cells can not use protein when it does not Properly shaped. Your cells are often unable to break down those wrong proteins and get rid of them.
With nowhere to go, the wrong proteins are tangled up and stuck together. Over time, these misaligned proteins accumulate in and around your neurons, destroying those cells until they stop working. Experts have linked the wrong protein to FTD and related conditions such as Pick disease. Wrongly folded proteins also play a role in conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease.
Abnormal processes of these proteins occur with specific DNA mutations. DNA is like a guidebook for your cells, telling them how to do a specific job. Mistakes are like typos in the manual. Your cells follow the DNA instructions strictly, so even small changes can cause problems.
Some DNA mutations work in families, which is why about 40% of FDT cases are related to a family history of the disease. Change can happen spontaneously, meaning you made the change and did not inherit it from your parents.
Although it is not the cause, two other factors can increase the risk of developing FTD. A person has a history of head injuries that triple the risk of developing FTD. Thyroid disease is also associated, making FTD 2.5 times more likely to develop.
FTD is not contagious and you can not pass it from person to person. However, FTD works in families, so having a family member (especially a parent or sibling) with FTD increases the chances of developing it.
Health care providers Usually, a neurologist can diagnose FTD based on your medical history and physical and neurological examination (health care providers look for signs and symptoms of the problem). Some laboratory tests are also possible, and imaging tests are important because they can reveal areas of your brain where impairment is occurring.
In addition to neurological tests, health care providers will often do neurological assessments on you. In this test you will complete tasks or answer questions. Based on how you do on the test, the provider can determine if you have a problem with some part of your brain that can help narrow down (or remove) whether you have FTD.
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FTD is incurable and there is no way to treat it directly. It is also impossible to slow the progression of the disease. Health care providers may recommend treatments for some symptoms, but this varies from person to person. Your healthcare provider is the best person to recommend what treatments – if any – they offer you.
FTD is not a condition that you can diagnose on your own. Because of this, you should not try to manage the symptoms without talking to your healthcare provider first.
FTD occurs unexpectedly, so there is no way to prevent it. But you can reduce your risk of developing it.
Avoiding head injuries is the only way to reduce the risk of developing FTD. A history of head injuries tripled the risk of developing FTD. An important way to avoid head injuries is to use protective equipment whenever necessary. Helmets and safety restraints (especially seat belts in vehicles) can help prevent head injuries or reduce their severity if they occur.
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FTD is a degenerative brain disease. That means the effects on your brain will only get worse over time. Memory loss is usually not a problem until the disease is slow, but symptoms and other side effects are possible. Depending on the type of FTD you have, you may lose one of the following:
People with FTD usually develop a condition called anosognosia. It means “lack of intuition” and it causes problems with how your brain works, symptoms or evidence that you have a health condition. That means you lose the ability to say you have a health condition and understand what it means to you in the long run.
Because this situation gradually affects your ability to control your activities or communication, most people will eventually not be able to live independently. People with this condition usually require specialized care 24/7, such as in a specialized care center or long-term care facility.
FTD gradually affects many parts of your brain, disrupting your ability to control those areas. The average life expectancy of a person after FTD diagnosis is 7.5 years.
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Although FTD itself is not dangerous, it often causes serious or other life-threatening complications. A common problem that often occurs when FTD worsens is dysphagia (difficulty swallowing). Dysphagia causes problems with eating, drinking and talking and increases the risk of pneumonia or respiratory failure.
If you have an early diagnosis of dementia, you may want to talk to your healthcare provider, family, or loved ones and anyone else you trust to make important decisions for you. These discussions are important because they can help you make sure that caregivers can comply with your wishes if you are unable to make choices for yourself in the future.
When these conversations often feel unhappy?
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