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How Does Culture Influence Behavior

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How Does Culture Influence Behavior – Over the past two decades, the demographics of the U.S. it. Population has changed dramatically. The phrase “American melting pot” has never been more appropriate as our country continues to grow in racial and ethnic diversity. According to the latest census data, the Hispanic population grew by 43 percent between 2000 and 2010, as did the Asian population, which grew faster than any other major racial group during that time.

Religious diversity is also increasing. While the majority of Americans – about 7 in 10 – identify as Christian, other religions are on the rise in the US. US, with the number of Muslims and Hindus increasing from 4.7 percent in 2007 to 5.9 percent in 2014. . Center.

How Does Culture Influence Behavior

What does this mean for healthcare workers? A patient’s cultural background can have a profound effect on health care, and physicians should be aware of this. More and more medical schools have included “cultural competence” in their curricula, writes the New York Times. Read on to learn more about how culture influences health beliefs, decision making, and patient education.

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“Culture works at all levels,” says Dr. Arthur Kleinman, professor of medical anthropology and psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in a New York Times article, “Bridging the Culture Gap.” “It affects health disparities, communication and reciprocity in the Physician-patient relationship, the illness experience, and health care outcomes.”

We know that doctor-patient communication is very important and that literacy and language barriers can affect this. But cultural sensitivity is not limited to providing an interpreter for patients who need one. Many aspects of communication are nonverbal, and culture plays a large role in medical interactions. Everything from eye contact to who can be approached in the exam room can affect the cultural background of patients.

For example, among Asians/Pacific Islanders – a large ethnic group in the US Cultures in Asia, maintaining harmony is an important value and avoiding conflicts and collisions. Therefore, patients cannot express their anxiety or disagreements to their doctors; But this does not mean that they will follow the treatment recommendations. EuroMed Info advises doctors to ask patients open-ended questions and follow their guidance on “appropriate ways to facilitate communication within the family, between families and with other health care providers.”

Hispanics also respect and consult older family members when it comes to health decisions. Hispanics make up a large percentage of the US population. it. Catholic population. One-third of US it. Catholic adults are Hispanic, Pew reports. Some Hispanic patients may have fatalistic views that illness is God’s will, notes EuroMed Info, which advises doctors to learn about the cultural traditions of the patients they care for and to ignore them when differentiating the values ​​of the patients.

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A recent article in Nursing Times outlines the key points of working with the Muslim population. These patients often have very specific privacy, modesty and dietary needs, including the need to avoid medications that contain alcohol.

Finally, many cultural groups, such as older generations, may have more authoritative views of health professionals. They expect their doctor to tell them what to do instead of themselves as partners in the health care decision-making process.

However, cultural competence should not become a checklist. Dr. Kleinman told the New York Times: “What you don’t want is doctors passing around plastic cards with five things to think about, for example, when you see an Asian-American patient.” is the ability to ask, to ask questions.”

Awareness is the first step to achieving cultural competency in your practice. Physicians must realize that they also bring their own cultural context to patient interactions, even if they do not realize it. For example, in modern medicine, sometimes more attention can be focused on the disease than on the person who is sick.

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“There are cultural issues on the patient’s side and on the doctor’s side,” Dr. Kleinman said, “and both sides need to know about it and be able to think about it in a self-critical way.” Doctors bring their own cultural orientation to The relationship, even if they are “mainstream.”

“I tell physicians that cultural competency is as important to their patient outcomes … as anything they do in terms of pharmacology or surgical procedures,” says Gail Price-Wise, MS, president of the Florida Center for Cultural Competence, Inc. , in a video for Think Cultural Health (TCH), a government initiative sponsored by the Office of Minority Health. Every step of the care process, from taking an accurate medical history to developing a treatment plan that the patient understands and is committed to, requires trust and a good relationship between provider and patient, he says. “And it depends entirely on the cultural competence of the provider.”

THC offers a number of tools and resources, including “A Practitioner’s Guide to Culturally Competent Care,” a self-paced online course that qualifies for CME credits.

We use cookies to ensure that we provide you with the best experience on our website. If you continue to use the site, we assume that you are satisfied with it. Good privacy policy According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, culture is “the integrated pattern of human knowledge, beliefs and behavior that depends on the human ability to learn and transmit knowledge. to future generations”. It begins and passes from generation to generation. Therefore, it includes all the experiences that the child’s parents, grandparents or great-grandparents had. Culture is also “the traditional beliefs, social patterns, and material characteristics of a racial, religious, or social group.” Furthermore, it is “the set of attitudes, values, goals, and shared practices that characterize a company or corporation.” Even your school or childcare center has a culture. It is important to understand what the culture is when working with children, as it may reflect the needs and understanding of the children and families you work with. “Every individual is rooted in culture” Many people do not think about their culture and how their heritage can affect the way they think, behave and communicate. Chart 1 shows that culture shapes not only our values, but also our gender roles, family structure, the way we dress, what we eat, our proper manners, our beliefs, our attitudes toward the disabled, our child-rearing practices, and even us. Expectations of children’s behavior. Figure 1. Graph of cultural components. Cultural Elements From a positive point of view, this is how culture creates diversity. Here is a list of all aspects of culture: Norms Values ​​Rules of etiquette Social patterns Gender roles Socio-economic status Attitudes to weather Religion Customs Time/rhythm Political system Economy Family structure History Rhythm Family structure Territorial space Colors Textures/shapes Architectural spatial styles When Looking at this list, does anything stand out? Do you wonder how much influence culture has? One aspect of the list I want to highlight is gender roles. This is because in many cultures it is the man who is the breadwinner of the family. In addition, many early childhood educators and 5th grade teachers are women. If a child comes from a culture where this is the case, it is difficult for them to take women seriously when they conduct their behavior. Many times I met children who only smiled and laughed because they did not take female discipline seriously. Another point of the list I want to discuss is architectural styles. Have you ever wondered how they affect culture? Even in the United States, architectural styles in the South differ from those in the Northeast. We need to see the relationship between culture and the natural elements that people have to live with. It varies and has certain effects. This Asks the Expert is an edited excerpt from the Open the Door to Culture: Evaluating Diversity course offered by Barbara Kaiser, MA.

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Barbara Kaiser, MA Barbara Kaiser is a graduate of McGill University’s master’s program in educational administration and has worked with early childhood educators, children and their families for over 35 years. She is the co-author of Challenging Behavior in Young Children: Understanding, Preventing, and Responding Effectively, 4th Edition (2017) and is currently working on a new text, The Administrator’s Role in Supporting Staff, Children, and Families When Behavioral Disorders Occur Challenging (“NAEYC”), which is expected to be available in early winter 2021. He studied in the faculty of education at Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec and Acadia University in Nova Scotia. In addition to presenting seminars and keynote addresses on the topic of challenging behavior and related issues in the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland and Mauritius, Barbara has been the principal consultant for Addressing Youth Violence: An Interdisciplinary , integrated. .

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