How Does Bullying Affect Victims – Student mental health is a topic that is rarely discussed or not mentioned in the school environment, especially as it relates to bullying and can be detrimental to the overall student experience.
It is very important to recognize the early signs of a problem; We can see our children and students withdraw from activities or friends they once loved. While this is a natural part of growing up, an important point of conversation should be to ensure that it is not related to abuse or other mental health issues.
How Does Bullying Affect Victims
De Souza, M. and McLean, K. (2012) Research presents methods of adopting bullying neutralization. Instilling things like friendship, spirituality, compassion, and kindness allowed students to develop a sense of connectedness regardless of race, creed, or social status. Teachers reported being more aware of and showing acts of kindness among students, and students showed a greater willingness to express gratitude to people and situations that they had not done before, without seeking reward or satisfaction. By introducing the language of “kindness” into the classroom vocabulary, students were encouraged to reflect on their own behavior and identify what needed to be corrected.
Why Do Kids Bully? And What Can Parents Do About It?
Paying more attention to the mental health of students, especially those involved in bullying, can prevent long-term difficulties such as internalized victimization by bullies, bystander and defender apathy, and enemies’ anger or persistent aggression. In the case of victims of school violence, we see this play as internalized victimization, avoidance, and withdrawal from social contact.
According to Hong, J. S., Espelage, D. L., & Rose, C. A. (2019), there is a strong relationship between cyberbullying and mental health problems. This can lead to a lack of emotional intelligence and physical health problems, including but not limited to asthma, obesity, anxiety conditions, and rhinitis.
They also show that parental and peer support during victimization were highly effective and important protective factors. If a child does not have a solid support system or people willing to listen to them about their experiences, this can lead to feelings of worthlessness, isolation and lack of motivation. If left alone, it can develop into depression or other mental disorders that require professional treatment. Without this treatment, we see these children remain maladjusted into adulthood, seeing themselves as victims in many life situations that prevent them from achieving all they can in a healthy environment.
We can also see this present as a former victim of peer violence who becomes a bully himself, using aggression as an outlet to protect himself. Again, if left unchecked, this can create adults who have little respect for others and only show empathy to those they are close to.
Effects Of Cyberbullying
In the following infographic, Professor Volke of Duke University Medical Center’s Dr. William E. With Copeland, he explored the impact on all those affected; victims, perpetrators themselves, and those who fall into both categories; “Victim abusers”.
The figures illustrated by Professor Volke and Dr. Copeland further illustrate the extent of the problem. “Victims of bullying were 4.8 times more likely to experience depression in adulthood than those who were not bullied.”
Abused men were 18.5 times more likely to commit suicide than non-abused men.
Professor Wolke said: “The results show that victims of violence are perhaps the most vulnerable group. This group may turn to bullying after being bullied themselves because they lack the emotional regulation or support needed to cope.”
How Does Bullying Affect Mental Health? And What To Do
Bullying participants may have different outcomes and exhibit negative traits such as apathy. Clark et al. (2022) show that a bystander who defends a victim can encourage others not to participate in the behavior and even view it as wrong. On the other hand, bystanders who laugh or try to encourage bullying are often already dealing with unresolved mental health issues. Because peers are one of the most important aspects of adolescent socialization, bystander actions can play an important role in the outcomes of peer aggression. Because of these findings, it is even more important to focus on the individual child, not just the victim or the bully, to avoid bigger problems. In this way, we can encourage better problem solving among peers and identify areas where behavioral changes are needed.
When bystanders see their peers being assaulted and not receive follow-up care or remedial counseling, it creates resentment in the social environment and increases divisiveness. This can have long-term effects on bystanders and advocates without internalized victimization or environmental control. This can translate into adolescents having underdeveloped social and vocational skills.
Before punishing the aggressor, it is important to understand the situation to avoid any anger. Whether the cause of the violence is previous victimization, struggles with family life, or socioeconomic differences, every effort should be made to understand the behavior before punishment.
When a student is suspended without any behavioral counseling, it does very little to change future behavior. Huang, F. for students or teachers and lead to higher suspension rates. Although this method has not been proven to prevent further abuse, 74% of educators are in favor of it. They also warn of bias among teachers in how they deal with cases of abuse. It is recommended that the school psychologist sign off on the appropriate measures before any punishment is imposed.
How Bullying May Shape Adolescent Brains
Huang, F. Instead of harsh punishments, they encourage teachers to create a plan that includes evidence-based, mental health-focused forms of effective discipline. If the child does not understand why he was punished in a certain way or does not believe that his action was really so harmful, any punishment will be counterproductive. However, when the student has an understanding of the harmful act committed and is shown how to empathize with his peers, the student usually accepts the punishment and is able to correct himself.
In the past, violence was not as much of a concern as it is today. Kids can be rude or drive you crazy on the playground, there might even be a fight after school that ends with a handshake and the problem is solved. Bullying was seen as something that builds character and metal – backbone and strength for children. Even in a home where there are siblings or other family members, bullying is acceptable. In some cases, the victim will feel shame for allowing the abuse to affect them. It was part of the upbringing of many parents and school officials.
Kochenderfer-Ladd, B. and Pelletier, M.E. (2008) show that teachers’ views on bullying are still largely consistent with this mindset. We see teachers who believe that bullying is just a fact of life and do little to intervene, while others believe that students should deal with it themselves and be confident. Both of these responses showed little or no effect on improving school relationships. Another common point of view is avoidance, where teachers tell students to stay away from naughty kids and not bully them. This is perhaps the most counterproductive type of teacher involvement because it does nothing but reinforce the student’s sense of victimization.
Times have changed significantly in the last 10-20 years; With the advancement of technology and the proliferation of social media, bullying has become inevitable for many young people, even in their own homes. This has led to many dangerous situations in schools across the country and around the world. With the ever-present threat of self-harm and school shootings, simply hoping these problems will be solved with a few words of encouragement is no longer a viable solution. The only option now is to give our children and students the tools and support to deal with these issues on an emotional level. If we can teach them proper coping skills, emotional regulation, and empathy in a way they understand, we’ll start moving in the right direction; One acceptance of self and others.
Consequences Bully Victims Experience
Monitoring children’s mental health in the home and school environment is the most important aspect of creating a safe learning environment for all. As we now know, exposure to abuse is extremely detrimental to general well-being and can escalate into severe depression and aggressive behavior without proper guidance. In the case of aggressors, we see the negative effects of traditional punishments, which do little to change behavior and sometimes even reinforce it.
Even observers are not immune to exposure to unhealthy environments that lead to feelings of imprisonment or
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