How Does Bullying Affect Teens – There has been a lot of discussion in AI recently about bullying and the adverse effect it can have on mental health. Bullying is defined as aggressive, unwanted behavior that manifests itself in interactions with an individual or individuals that involve a real or perceived power imbalance. Thinking back, most people can probably identify a time when they experienced bullying and how it made them feel. Bullying happens everywhere: schools, workplaces, peer groups, online, and it’s important to remember that it doesn’t just happen to children.
With the technological world we have moved into, access to bullying has increased significantly. Cyberbullying, which refers to bullying online or through digital devices, can happen through text messages, social apps, chat and gaming platforms, and almost anywhere people view and share content. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, data shows that approximately 15.7 percent of high school students have been cyberbullied in the 12 months prior to the survey.
- 1 How Does Bullying Affect Teens
How Does Bullying Affect Teens
The fact that many of us go to school or work from home does not mean that the bullying has stopped. The pandemic has made young people much more connected to their digital devices than before. For some, digital contact has been the only way they have communicated over the past year. L1ght, an organization that tracks online bullying, reports that cyberbullying has increased by 70% in the last few months alone.
Bullying And Cyberbullying: Medlineplus
The effects of bullying have a serious and lasting negative impact on our mental health and general well-being. Bullying can cause feelings of rejection, exclusion, isolation, low self-esteem, and some individuals can develop depression and anxiety as a result. In some cases, it can even develop into acute stress disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder. Research has shown that being a victim of bullying can lead to long-term effects, including interpersonal violence, substance use, sexual violence, poor social functioning, and poor performance. Even witnessing bullying can affect your well-being.
Being bullied at a young age can affect someone far beyond childhood and cause lifelong psychological damage. During these young years, children identify roles, develop personalities, and discover who they are. When a young person is bullied, it can lead to problems with trusting others, self-esteem and anger. It can be difficult to develop relationships with others when you are older when you may not have had any when you were younger. When we are repeatedly hammered about who we are or what we do, we create a poor self-image and expect others to see us in the same light.
Bullying often leaves us with long-lasting feelings, turning into anger towards others or towards ourselves. When someone is bullied over a long period of time, they may start to blame themselves for being bullied. Thoughts like “If I wasn’t so ugly, people would leave me alone” or “If I tried harder, people wouldn’t make fun of me.” The kinds of thoughts we have can change the way we see and feel about ourselves and can leave long-term effects.
If you’re the parent of a digital teenager and work from home, you’re spending more time than ever with your kids. We have a great opportunity to be aware of what our young people are doing online and how these interactions with others can affect them. Create internet usage rules that limit screen time. This can be challenging as those of us who work from home are locked into screens all day, but these rules can help create a balance between positive and healthy social time and engaging in other activities that makes them less likely to take part in cyberbullying. Allowing young people to stay in touch with others through positive engagement, such as Facetime or weekly Zoom chats, can help balance connectedness. It is very difficult for children and young people not to be connected to others, because these connections are necessary for growth and development. Be open to communication and make sure your children know they can talk to you about what’s going on in their lives.
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If you are concerned that you or your child is experiencing ongoing feelings of bullying, it may be helpful to contact a mental health professional to identify concerns and negative thought patterns that may still be present. The STOMP Out Bullying HelpChat Helpline is a free, confidential online chat that helps young people aged 13-24 with bullying and cyberbullying issues. If you are interested in reading about bullying statistics, here is a great resource: Pacer National Bullying Prevention Center By Jonathan C. Erwin, M.A., author of The School Climate Solution: Creating a Culture of Excellence From the Classroom to the Staff Room
Bullying, defined as an act of repeated physical or emotional victimization by another individual or group, has been a problem in schools for decades. In recent years, bullying – which children and teenagers may have previously faced on the bus, in the cafeteria, on the playground, in the school toilet or in the hallways – has reaching children through the Internet and social media. In other words, it’s almost everywhere.
The statistics are very worrying. According to various national surveys (Hirsch et al. and Erwin) conducted over the last few years:
Physical or emotional abuse, even more students (54 percent) reported being the subject of insanity or relational aggression. Based on my personal experience as a student, parent, teacher, and educational consultant, that number seems low. I would argue that almost every student has been a target or seen insults, exclusion, threats, or the spread of rumours. This discrepancy in statistics is likely due to students not reporting moderation. Or maybe relational aggression has become such a norm in many schools that students don’t recognize it when it happens.
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What are the consequences of bullying and insanity? The emotional consequences are dire. Two of the main reasons students leave school, identified in a 2013 survey, are “not feeling like they belong” and “fearing for their safety” (Doll et al.).
, 30% of children who reported being bullied said they sometimes brought guns to school (Hirsch et al.).
And we have all heard of students who have killed themselves as a result of being bullied at school or on social media. In a highly publicized case in 2011, Jamey Rodemeyer, known for his anti-homophobia activism, hanged himself as a result of homophobic cyberbullying.
Although most students who experience insanity or bullying do not drop out of school, bring guns to school, or kill themselves, the stress of anticipating insanity or bullying causes students to lose sleep, missing school, or skipping school for courses they could be in. targeting. . It is known that when a person perceives a threat, the hippocampus of the brain goes into high gear, sending the person into the fight, flight or freeze response and inhibiting the ability of the cerebral cortex (the thinking and learning part of the brain) . ). It stands to reason that when students are sleep-deprived, absent, or in fight-flight-freeze mode, their ability to learn and perform is significantly reduced.
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According to an article in Public School Review, bullying and insanity have a strong negative impact on student learning. Author Kate Barrington cites a UCLA study that concludes, “Students who are repeatedly bullied receive lower grades and participate less in class discussions. . . They may be mislabeled as low achievers because they do not want to speak up in class for fear of being bullied. . . Once students are labeled as ‘stupid’, they excel and perform even worse.”
Despite the fact that many anti-bullying books and programs are used in schools, the statistics on cases of bullying are not improving at the rate we would like. This may be because “organizations move in the direction of the things they study” (Cooperrider and Whitney). If we put too much emphasis on bullying, bullying can become a bigger problem. Instead, my suggestion is to focus on the opposite: social responsibility, empathy, and kindness.
Research shows that when schools focus on creating a positive school climate and culture, students are much less likely to bully or engage in misconduct. Schools can involve all members of the school community (parents, teachers, students and staff) in creating a safe, connected and engaged climate and culture through
When we do this, we make schools places where students feel accepted and connected and want to learn and work. Creating this kind of culture takes time, effort and intentionality. But the emotional well-being and academic success of our students is worth the effort.
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Jonathan C. Erwin, M.A., was a secondary English teacher, professional development specialist, college professor, and director of instruction and curriculum for a federally funded character education program. His previous books include The Classroom of Choice (ASCD, 2004) and Inspiring the Best in Students (ASCD, 2010). Jon is currently an independent educational consultant, a senior faculty member at the William Glasser Foundation, and a trained facilitator for HealthRhythms. Jon’s work focuses on provision
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