How Does Bullying Affect Others – Bullying among 12- to 18-year-old students has declined over the past decade, but about one in five students still experience bullying on school grounds, reports the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) (PDF, 4.6 MB). To create a bullying-free school that allows students to focus on learning, administrators and teachers can better understand how bullying occurs. USC Rossier School of Education, which offers the MAT online program, has put together the following guide to help schools address this pressing issue.
More than half of the bullied students aged 12 to 18 said that the students who were bullied had the ability to influence others’ opinions about them.
- 1 How Does Bullying Affect Others
- 2 Bullying And Child Development
- 3 How To Handle The Adult Bully In Your Life
- 4 Effects Of Cyberbullying
How Does Bullying Affect Others
Go to the bottom of the page to see tabulated data about the perception of bullied students about power imbalances.
Understanding The Reasons For Bullying Behaviour
Students were also asked whether bullying is related to certain characteristics. The most common characteristics associated with bullying include:
According to NCES data, almost 12% of public schools reported bullying at school at least once a week in 2017. This percentage is highest in junior high schools (21.8%), followed by high schools (14.7%) and elementary schools (8.1%).
The most common forms of bullying experienced by students in 2017 included creating rumors (13.4%) and insults or name-calling (13%).
Go to the bottom of the page to see tabulated data about the types of bullying students experience.
Bullying And Child Development
As more students continue to connect to digital devices and social media, schools must address electronic bullying. According to NCES:
According to the Centers for Disease Control’s Bullying Prevention Fact Sheet (PDF, 600 KB), bullying can have a number of negative consequences. Students who are bullied may experience:
About a quarter of bullied students aged 12 to 18 said bullying had a negative impact on their sense of self.
However, the harmful effects of bullying are not limited to those affected. Students who bully are at greater risk of substance abuse, academic problems, and violence later in life. People who bully and bully others experience serious behavioral and mental health problems.
How Does Bullying Impact Adult Friendships And What To Do About It
Creating a safe learning space for children requires support from the top. Bullying.gov highlights the unique role administrators play in preventing bullying (PDF, 173 KB), including:
To promote safe and respectful classrooms, the Department of Education recommends teachers focus on respect, inclusion, and open communication. The Department has developed a training toolkit that identifies the key characteristics of supportive classrooms (PDF, 391 KB):
Commitment: Educators practice positive thinking and respectful behavior and proactively promote conversations about tolerance, inclusivity and diversity. It also listens to students’ experiences.
Environment: Educators also model expected relationships and work directly not only with students who are being bullied, but also with students who bully others to establish a culture of respect for differences.
How To Handle The Adult Bully In Your Life
Safety: Educators intervene when they see problems and make a bullying-free culture the norm by teaching positive relationship skills and clear ground rules for behavior.
Teachers can watch for warning signs of bullying, such as: B. unexplained injuries, frequent illness, decreased school attendance, worsening grades, isolation and avoidance of social situations.
When bullying occurs, teachers must intervene immediately. The Department of Education Toolkit offers a four-step approach (PDF, 1.1 MB):
Stay calm, make sure everyone is safe, and reassure any students involved. Separate them and ask them what they need from you, including medical help.
A Guide To Understanding And Preventing School Bullying
Listen to as many sources as possible, document what you hear and see, and gather other evidence that can help you determine whether bullying has occurred. Don’t make assumptions.
Both bullied students and bullied students need support. Allow bullied students to tell their stories and reassure them that the bullying is not their fault. Students who are being bullied need to understand why their behavior may be a problem, what the consequences are according to school policy, and how they can help make amends.
A detailed report of what happened, where it happened and other evidence can enable the school to identify patterns of behavior and address the issue appropriately. Tracking ensures bullied students know they are supported and safe.
Every student can help make school a safer place to learn for their peers. The Department of Education’s Bullying Prevention Toolkit offers tips for students who witness bullying:
Teens And Cyberbullying 2022
Students aged 12 to 18 who reported being bullied in 2017 noted the following power imbalance for the student who bullied them.
Source:“School Crime and Safety Indicators: 2018,” ( PDF, 4.6 MB) Institute of Educational Sciences, National Education Statistics Center.
Students aged 12 to 18 who were reported to be bullied in 2017 said bullying had a negative impact on the lower aspects of their lives.
Source:“Student Reports of Bullying: Results from the 2017 School Crime Supplement to the Crime Victimization Survey National, ” (PDF, 3.3 MB) Institute of Education Sciences, National Education Statistics Center. Most parents are aware of how pervasive bullying is, but they may not realize the lasting damage such behavior can cause.
Gender Based Bullying.
Bullying is the most common form of school violence. The results of a national survey from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that approximately one in five American children experience bullying on school grounds every year. In addition to physical injuries (broken bones, cuts, etc.) that can result from bullying, children can also experience setbacks in their academic performance; develop anxiety, depression, back pain, stomach pain, dizziness or irritability; or even try or commit suicide.
Although the short-term consequences of bullying are well known, little attention has been paid to the long-term relationship between bullying in childhood and outcomes in early adulthood. A recent study by researchers at Duke University in the US and the University of Warwick in England provides new insight into how involvement in bullying in childhood affects outcomes in early adulthood, including health, risky or illegal behavior, wealth and social relationships. The research was published online in the journal
Bullying is any aggressive behavior that is unwanted, repeated against other people on purpose and involves an imbalance of power. It can be physical (hitting or tripping), verbal (calling names or teasing), or relational or social (spreading rumors or excluding others from the group).[5 A child can be a perpetrator, a victim, or both.
Bullying can happen at school and at school events, on the way to and from school (eg on the school bus), in the child’s environment, or in other places. Bullying can also happen online: Cyberbullying can happen through emails, chat rooms, instant messages, websites, or videos or images posted on websites or sent through mobile phones.
Childhood Bullying Can Lead To Health, Wealth And Social Problems In Early Adulthood
The Psychological Science article reports the results of a study called the Great Smoky Mountain Study, which examined more than 1,200 school children in three cohorts aged 9, 11 and 13 in the west of North Carolina. annual assessments are conducted with each child and their primary caregiver until the child reaches the age of 16 and again with the child at the age of 19 and 21 years. Participants were also assessed between the ages of 24 and 26.
In each assessment, the child and / or caregiver reported whether the child has been bullied, teased, or bullied others in the three months before the interview. This information was used to divide the children into four groups: those who only identified as victims of bullying, those who identified themselves only as victims of bullying, those who identified themselves as victims of bullying and those who were identified as victims of bullying (bullying). victims) and children who are not involved in bullying.
The study found that nearly a quarter of the participating children were only victims, 8 percent were only victims of bullying, 6 percent were victims of bullying, and nearly two-thirds were not involved in bullying.
After accounting for childhood adversity (family socioeconomic status, family stability, family dysfunction, and maltreatment) and childhood psychiatric problems (depression, anxiety, disruptive behavior disorders, and substance use disorders), researchers found that of the three groups involved in bullying. , people who are only bullied is the only group that does not have an increased risk of poorer results in adulthood compared to people who are not involved in bullying.
Bullying Is Forever
On the other hand, the adjusted results show that both pure victims and victims of bullying are exposed to poorer health, poorer financial status or education, and poorer social relations in early adulthood than those who are not involved in bullying.
Note, of the three groups involved in the bullying of children, the group of bullying victims was the only group that showed a statistically significant relationship with the results of risky or illegal behavior compared to the group that was not involved in bullying.
The results of the study support the proposed long-term association between bullying victimization and negative outcomes in early adulthood. This result also shows that the bullying victim group may be the most vulnerable of all three groups involved in bullying behavior. This means that victims of bullying can turn to bullying after being bullied themselves because they lack the emotional capacity or support to cope.
The researchers concluded that “bullying is neither a harmless rite of passage nor an inevitable part of growing up.” They call for curbing the involvement of bullying in the school environment to minimize human suffering.
Effects Of Cyberbullying
It is very good to understand and prevent bullying before it starts. However, if bullying occurs, adults must intervene and take effective action against it.
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