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How Do Alcohol Affect The Brain

5 min read

How Do Alcohol Affect The Brain – Many of the risks associated with alcohol consumption at a young age are directly related to the brain and its functioning. A young child’s brain is developing until about 25 years of age. Alcohol can shorten a child’s healthy development and “rewire” it in ways that cause physical, emotional, and social harm to the child.

Two key parts of the brain that control memory, learning, decision-making and personality are sensitive to alcohol as children develop.

How Do Alcohol Affect The Brain

Memory and learning are controlled by a part of the brain called the hippocampus (look it up online with your child to learn more). This part is especially sensitive during the development of your baby. Alcohol consumption can poison nerve cells and cause permanent damage. This can lead to memory loss and poor school performance.

Effects (physical & Social) Lesson Planning

The cerebral cortex/frontal lobe (also good to watch with a child) is important for planning, judgment, decision making, impulse control, and speech. This area of ​​the brain changes the most during the teenage years, so if kids drink in elementary and middle school, there’s a chance of real damage later on. The damage that alcohol consumption can do to the frontal lobe of the brain can cause emotional instability, aggression, risky behaviors and other negative effects in children.

1 Siqueira, L. VC Smith, Comm Subst Abuse and Committee on Substance Abuse, “Binge Drinking,” Pediatrics 136, no. 3 (2015): E718-E726.

Tip: Know your child’s friends and parents. Before your child spends time at home, find out if alcohol is safe at home.

Your child looks up to you. Let them know that what you are telling them is to protect them, not scare them. Microstructural changes in brain white matter in human alcoholics (a) and alcohol-exposed rats (b), measured using diffusion tensor imaging to provide an index of microstructural integrity. The changes observed after two weeks of abstinence are further enhanced in both species, as shown in panels c for humans and d for mice. The results challenge the current view that brain changes begin to normalize immediately after stopping alcohol use, and warn that permanent brain damage may occur much earlier than currently thought. Credit: Sylvia de Santis

Can Blacking Out Cause Brain Damage?

Although the harmful effects of alcohol on the brain are widely recognized, the observed structural changes are very heterogeneous. Furthermore, there is a lack of diagnostic markers to characterize alcohol-induced brain damage, especially at the onset of abstinence, a critical period due to its high relapse rate.

Now, joint work from the CSIC-UMH Institute of Neuroscience, in Alicante, and the Central Institute of Mental Health in Mannheim, Germany, has used magnetic resonance imaging to determine how brain damage progresses during the first weeks of abstinence.

The research, published today in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, shows that six weeks after stopping drinking, there are still changes in the brain’s white matter, as shown by a neuroimaging study of 90 volunteers who attended a hospital for rehabilitation treatment. Germans were hospitalized, it was revealed.

Dr. Santiago Canales of the CSIC-UMH Neuroscience Institute explains that the results of this work are surprising. Until now, no one believed that brain damage could progress in the absence of alcohol.

Alcohol & Young Adults

90 patients with an average age of 46 years who were hospitalized for alcohol dependence disorder participated in this study. To compare the brain activity of these patients, the researchers selected a control group consisting of 36 men without alcohol problems with an average age of 41 years.

“An important aspect of the work is that a group of patients participating in our research are hospitalized in a detoxification program and their addictive substance use is monitored, which ensures that they do not drink alcohol. So the abstinence phase can be closely monitored. Dr. Canales says.

Another distinctive feature of this study is that it was performed in parallel in a model with alcohol-preferring Sardinian Markji rats, which allowed us to follow the transition from normal to alcohol dependence in the brain, a process observed in The brain is not possible. humans, explains Dr. Silvia De Santis, who led the study.

The damage observed during the abstinence period mainly affects the right hemisphere and the frontal region of the brain, which contradicts the conventional idea that microstructural changes begin to return to normal values ​​immediately after alcohol withdrawal.

Alcohol, Dementia & Brain Damage

Alcohol consumption “causes a general change in the white matter, that is, in a series of fibers that communicate with different parts of the brain. The changes are more severe in the corpus callosum and fimbria. The corpus callosum is related to the connection between the two.” Dr. Kanal He explains that the fimbriae contain nerve fibers that connect to the hippocampus, a nuclear structure for memory formation, the nucleus accumbens, and the prefrontal cortex.

The researchers from Alicante and Germany will now try to independently and more precisely characterize the inflammatory and degenerative processes in order to examine the progress during the initial phase of abstinence in people with alcohol abuse problems.

Citation: Alcohol-induced brain damage persists after alcohol withdrawal (2019, April 3) Retrieved September 22, 2023, from https:///news/2019-04-alcohol-induced-brain-alcohol.html

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How Alcohol Impacts The Brain

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This website uses cookies to help you navigate, analyze your use of our services, collect data to customize ads and deliver third-party content. By using our site, you confirm that you have read and understand our privacy policy and terms of use. Anyone who has ever consumed alcohol knows that it can affect the brain and body in many ways. How exactly does alcohol affect the brain? It affects everything from memory to balance and pleasure, and some of these effects can lead to addiction or long-term health consequences.

Alcohol is a known depressant that creates more GABA in the brain. GABA or gamma-aminobutyric acid calms the nervous system. In large doses, it can dramatically depress the central nervous system.

This means that your brain and different parts of your body are not communicating as quickly as they normally would. This is what makes people react or move when they drink too much alcohol.

Is It Bad For A Teenager To Drink Alcohol?

Although alcohol slows down the central nervous system, it creates more dopamine for the brain. Dopamine is a chemical that helps us feel good and helps us feel pleasure. This is why most people enjoy drinking alcohol.

The biggest problem with dopamine production is that it changes the brain’s reward system. As your tolerance builds, you need more and more dopamine to feel pleasure. This often means that you drink more and more alcohol, which in turn leads to addiction.

Thought processing and consciousness are concentrated in the cerebral cortex. Drinking alcohol puts stress on this part of the brain, meaning information processing happens more slowly. Additionally, it lowers your inhibitions. This can lead to dangerous or risky behavior that most people would not engage in when sober.

One of the most common and obvious ways alcohol affects the brain is memory loss. Drinking just one or two alcoholic drinks can lead to memory loss, and drinking too much can lead to a complete loss of consciousness. The only way to end these memory deficits is to quit addiction. Even those who do not struggle with alcoholism may notice memory loss after drinking.

Adolescent Alcohol Exposure Persistently Impacts Adult Neurobiology And Behavior

Alcohol immediately affects the cerebellum in the brain. This is the part of the brain that keeps you upright and keeps you from constantly falling.

When you start drinking alcohol, your cerebellum doesn’t work as well. You may not be able to walk in a straight line and you are much more likely to fall as a result of consumption.

So how does alcohol affect the brain? Not only does it affect your brain and body, it also hinders your ability to live a healthy and happy life. Psychological and psychiatric care in Ashley

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