Factors Affecting Individual Behaviour In An Organisation – Human behavior is a stimulus-response process. Individual behavior is influenced by the group, family and society in which the individual operates.
Personal factors – Gender, age, education, ability Psychological factors – Personality, perception, attitude, values, Environmental factors – Economic conditions, political situation, cultural values, social norms Organizational factors – Physical facilities, organizational structure, organizational design, style leadership , reward system
- 1 Factors Affecting Individual Behaviour In An Organisation
- 2 Unit 2: Understanding Individual Behavior
- 3 Management Of Organizational Behavior Powerpoint Presentation Slides
- 4 Management Studies: Factors Affecting Perception: Internal, External And Symbolic Factors
Factors Affecting Individual Behaviour In An Organisation
4 MEANING People’s behavior is not based on reality itself, but on perception of reality. The world he understood was a world where behavior mattered. Perception The process by which people organize and interpret their sensory impressions to make sense of their environment.
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Perception is a cognitive process. From the point of view of the S-O-B-C model, perception is a cognitive process that includes (O) selection, organization and interpretation of (S) stimuli, behavior (B), (C) their consequences. Thus, perception is the process of selecting, organizing and interpreting or attaching meaning to events occurring in the environment.
Select external factors of stimulation: nature, location, size, contrast, motion, repetition, similarity Internal factors: training, needs, age, interest, perceptual process Receive stimulation (external and internal) Comment. Perception
A number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception. These factors may be present in the perception, in the perceived object or target, or in the context of the situation in which the perception occurs. Organizational Behavior / Perception
Selective perception is the process of checking out information that is uncomfortable or contrary to our beliefs. aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
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11 Stereotypes When we judge someone based on our perception of the group they belong to. Tendency to attribute personal characteristics to others. The Halo Effect When we form an overall impression of a person based on a characteristic such as intelligence, communication, or appearance, the halo effect operates.
A. Personal Factors – Personal factors that can influence a person’s behavior are further classified into 2 parts which include biographical characteristics and learned characteristics.
1. Biographical characteristics – Every human being has certain types of characteristics that are genetic and hereditary in nature. These features cannot be changed. In an organization, if the manager is aware of the limitations and qualities of each employee, they can easily use the behavioral techniques in the organization effectively. These features include:
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(i) Physical characteristics – It mainly consists of color, build, height, color and many other things. It affects people’s activities. Also, certain features include being tall, fat or thin. A person with a good personality is always expected to dress and behave well in the organization, whether or not there is any correlation between behavior and body structure.
1. Age – is a hereditary characteristic of a person. In increasing efficiency, it is considered a problem. Youth should be more energetic, adventurous, innovative, risk-taking and ambitious. With age, human activity decreases.
2. Sex- This is a genetic trait. This concept has given rise to many debates and opinions. It is a traditional belief that women are more emotional. Small differences between men and women can affect their performance. Without making any difference between men and women, some people have more competitiveness, leadership, motivation, learning ability, analytical skills or problem solving ability. Research has been done that says that female employees generate higher turnover rates. This is because women are more likely to leave their jobs for personal reasons.
3. Religion – In determining some aspects of an individual’s behavior, religion and related culture play an important role, especially with the main focus on morals, ethics and codes of conduct. It also helps in determining a person’s attitude towards their work and financial management motivation. But no one can deny that very religious people have moral values towards others.
Unit 2: Understanding Individual Behavior
4. Marital status – A recent study says that a person’s responsibility is influenced by marital status and it becomes difficult to adjust to a certain job for a long time. Married employees have lower absenteeism, job satisfaction, and lower turnover.
5. Experience – The tenure or experience of an employee in an organization plays an important role. It creates a lot of assumptions and misconceptions because of the age factor. Also, work experience is considered a good indicator that helps to increase productivity and increase efficiency and effectiveness. There is a positive relationship between job performance and tenure. Employee turnover is also considered negative relative to seniority.
2. Characteristics of learning – Learning is defined as a permanent change in the employee’s behavior resulting from interaction with the environment. It is impossible to change the biographical characteristics of a person. Therefore, the leaders of the organization have shown great interest in studying, studying and predicting the learned characteristics, including:
(1) Personality – Personality is not only related to a person’s physical appearance. A person with good character consists of smart people, smiling face and good personality. This concept is considered dynamic, which describes the growth and development of a person’s psychological system. It is also known as personal characteristics or characteristics, including tenacity, dominance, aggressiveness, and other qualities that reflect a person’s behavior in an organization.
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(2) Perception – This is a point of view that helps explain certain situations. Also, it is considered as a process that allows information to enter the mind and allows them to make meaningful meaning for the rest of the world.
(3) Values - Values are considered universal beliefs that guide different decisions and actions in different situations. It consists of a person’s thoughts based on correct, good and desirable thoughts. It is well integrated in people, which can be reflected in their behavior. Also, most of the values are directly influenced by teachers, parents, friends and other external factors that completely change the ideas, opinions and thoughts of a person. For organizational behavior, values are very important. It helps to understand a person’s motivation and attitude along with the influence of their perception or perspective.
1. Economic factors – In the economic environment, a person’s behavior depends on certain factors, such as:
(a) Level of employment – The employment opportunities available to an individual directly affect the individual’s behavior. Even after the lack of job satisfaction, a person is forced to stay in the same job because there are fewer job opportunities for him. In these cases, it is important to be loyal to the company by ensuring better productivity; they stay in an organization only because of monetary benefits.
Management Studies: Factors Affecting Perception: Internal, External And Symbolic Factors
(b) Salary Rate – Every employee is more concerned about the salary offered by the company or organization. The decision to hire or hire a company is directly influenced by monetary conditions.
(c) General economic environment – There are many employees who are not affected by the economic cycle in a public sector enterprise or government office. Regardless of their economic position in the organization, they receive a salary. Private sector workers are highly influenced by stable income and job security, but former workers may be motivated by other factors.
Similarly, there are several other environmental factors in an organization that can influence employee behavior, such as social factors, political factors, or the legal environment.
C. Organizational Factors – Individual behavior is influenced by a variety of organizational resources and systems, including:
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1. Physical Opportunities – In the workplace, the physical environment is considered a positive arrangement of people and things that can influence others. There are certain factors that affect human behavior such as cleanliness, lighting, ventilation, noise level, nature of work, number of people working, etc.
(a) Structure and Design – How each department of the organization is set up
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