Does Ibuprofen Hurt The Liver – Written by Dr. KB Aarthi Published on 2020-03-15T17:00:06+05:30 | Updated on March 16, 2020 05:25 GMT
United States: Ibuprofen, one of the most commonly used over-the-counter NSAIDs, may cause more serious side effects than previously thought, according to University of California researchers. The research was published in Scientific Reports. Ibuprofen, an inhibitor of prostaglandin biosynthesis, is a common drug used to treat pain, inflammation, and…
- 1 Does Ibuprofen Hurt The Liver
- 2 Combining Certain Medications With Ibuprofen Can Permanently Injure Kidneys
- 3 Ibuprofen Could Impact Liver Health
- 4 Where To Turn For Pain Relief
- 5 Liver Injuries & Home Care
Does Ibuprofen Hurt The Liver
United States: Ibuprofen, one of the most commonly used over-the-counter NSAIDs, may cause more serious side effects than previously thought, according to University of California researchers. The research was published in Scientific Reports.
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Ibuprofen, an inhibitor of prostaglandin biosynthesis, is a common drug used to treat pain, inflammation, and fever. However, long-term use at high doses increases the risk of cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, and liver damage. The mechanism of ibuprofen-mediated hepatic effects remains unclear.
Gomes, postdoctoral researcher Shuchita Tiwari, and colleagues gave age-matched male and female C57BL/6J mice an appropriate amount of ibuprofen, equivalent to about 400 milligrams of the drug taken daily by adults. Advanced mass spectrometry at the UC Davis Proteomics Core Facility was used to capture information about all metabolic pathways in hepatocytes.
The researchers found that at least 34 different metabolic pathways were altered in male mice treated with ibuprofen. they include
Protein changes in energy metabolism and antioxidant systems were independently verified by Western blotting and revealed sex-related differences. Proteasome and immunoproteasome activity/expression assays show that ibuprofen induces sex-specific proteasome and immunoproteasome dysfunction in the liver.
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The researchers also found that ibuprofen had different, and in some cases even opposite, effects on the livers of male and female mice. For example, the proteasome (a waste-disposal system that removes unwanted proteins) acted differently in male and female mice. Responses differ in female mice. Ibuprofen increases the activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes that break down the drug in women, but decreases it in men. The increase in cytochrome P450 may mean that other drugs taken with ibuprofen can stay in a man’s body longer, something that has never been shown before.
Overall, this study suggests that moderate doses of ibuprofen may have more significant effects on the liver than previously reported, including a) proteasome dysfunction,
Dr. K B AARTHI – Bachelor of Medicine from SRM Tamil Nadu University, His interest lies in the field of Paediatrics and Anesthesia and is also keen on conducting research and publishing articles. She joined Medical Conversation in 2020 and posts health news and medical updates. Email: editorial@. Contact information. 011-43720751, 9786713226 Ibuprofen is a widely used and important drug, but it is known to have effects on the heart. New research from the University of California, Davis, shows that ibuprofen has multiple unexpected effects on liver metabolism in male and female mice. (Getty Images)
Popular painkiller ibuprofen may have a more significant impact on the liver than previously thought, according to new research from the University of California, Davis. Studies of laboratory mice also show significant differences between males and females.
Combining Certain Medications With Ibuprofen Can Permanently Injure Kidneys
Ibuprofen belongs to a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and is widely used over-the-counter to treat pain and fever. Aldrin Gomes, a professor in the Department of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior in the School of Biological Sciences at UC Davis, said ibuprofen is known to cause heart problems and increase the risk of stroke, but people have little doubt about its use. Little is known about the effects of ibuprofen on the liver. .
Gomes, postdoctoral researcher Shuchita Tiwari, and colleagues gave mice a moderate amount of ibuprofen for a week, equivalent to about 400 milligrams of the drug that an adult would take daily. They then used advanced mass spectrometry at UC Davis’ Proteomics Core Facility to capture information about all metabolic pathways in liver cells.
“We found that ibuprofen caused many more changes in liver protein expression than we expected,” Gomez said.
At least 34 different metabolic pathways were altered in male mice treated with ibuprofen. They include pathways involved in the metabolism of amino acids, hormones, and vitamins, as well as the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide damages proteins and stresses liver cells.
Ibuprofen Could Impact Liver Health
The researchers found that ibuprofen had different and sometimes opposite effects on the livers of male and female mice. For example, the proteasome, a waste disposal system that removes unwanted proteins, responds differently in men and women. Ibuprofen increases the activity of cytochrome P450s, which break down the drug, in women but decreases cytochrome P450 activity in men.
“The increase in cytochrome P450 may mean that other drugs taken with ibuprofen can stay in a man’s body longer, something that has never been shown before. No drug is perfect as all drugs have side effects. However, many commonly used medications such as ibuprofen are overused and should not be used in certain conditions, such as mild pain,” Gomez said.
In the long term, he said, it will be important for the scientific community to start addressing differences in metabolism and drug action between men and women.
Other authors of the paper include Manish Mishra, Michelle Salemi, Brett Phinney and Joanne Newens of UC Davis. Gomez also holds a faculty appointment in the Department of Membrane Physiology and Biology at the UC Davis School of Medicine. This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health and the American Heart Association. A new study in mice suggests that ibuprofen, perhaps the most common pain reliever, may affect various aspects of liver health.
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Ibuprofen may be more likely to cause liver damage than doctors currently suspect, according to recent studies in mice.
Ibuprofen is a common nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). In the United States, pharmacies often sell branded versions of Motrin or Advil.
In the United States and other countries, ibuprofen is readily available without a prescription. People often use it to relieve pain or mild cold symptoms.
Like any other drug, ibuprofen has side effects. One of these is liver damage, although this is rare.
Where To Turn For Pain Relief
Now, a new study of mice by researchers at the University of California, Davis, suggests that ibuprofen’s adverse effects on liver health may be more serious than doctors thought.
“The liver plays a key role in energy metabolism and is essential for systemic homeostasis (stability of body functions) by regulating the metabolism of glucose, lipids and amino acids,” the researchers explain in their research paper.
The liver is the body’s key filter, processing elements of everything we take in, including medications. Therefore, drug treatment may be involuntary
To determine ibuprofen’s true ability to cause liver problems, the researchers injected mice with moderate amounts of ibuprofen periodically for 1 week.
Liver Injuries & Home Care
The dose of this drug is equivalent to an adult taking about 486 mg of ibuprofen per day.
Over the weekend, researchers used advanced mass spectrometry, a suite of techniques that allow scientists to determine the proportions and types of chemicals present in laboratory samples at any given time.
Study co-author Professor Aldrin Gomez said: “We found that ibuprofen caused many more changes in liver protein expression than we expected.”
These changes differed depending on the sex of the mouse. In the men’s livers, the researchers observed changes in at least 34 metabolic pathways, including those that help regulate some important components of health: amino acids, hormones, vitamins, and the release of intracellular reactive oxygen species and hydrogen peroxide.
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The researchers explain that if not regulated properly, hydrogen peroxide can damage proteins and put stress on liver cells, affecting the organ’s health.
Meanwhile, in female mice, ibuprofen treatment increased some activity of cytochrome P450s, a class of enzymes that help break down drugs, but not in male mice.
“The observation of cytochrome P450 may mean that other drugs taken with ibuprofen can remain in men’s bodies longer, which has never been shown before,” Professor Gomez stressed.
Based on the team’s findings, people are advised to take ibuprofen with caution, making sure not to take more than the recommended dose, and best not to use the drug if symptoms are mild.
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“No drug is perfect, as all drugs have side effects. However, many commonly used drugs, such as ibuprofen, are being overused and should not be used in certain conditions, such as mild pain.” —Au Professor Delin Gomez
If you strain a muscle while running, have period cramps, or have a splitting headache, you might take an ibuprofen pill, such as Advil or Motrin, to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. If taken correctly, ibuprofen
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