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Cause Of Death In Dementia Patients

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Cause Of Death In Dementia Patients – A man over 55 undergoes a memory test on September 21, 2022 at the Jayanagar General Hospital, Bengaluru, India. (EPA photo)

Alzheimer’s disease continues to be the epidemic of the 21st century, with thousands of deaths each year, and the number of patients suffering from the disease worldwide is expected to reach 139 million by 2050, and the condition is serious for both patients and those who care for them

Cause Of Death In Dementia Patients

Alzheimer’s disease is often called the epidemic of the 21st century, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 55 million people worldwide live with dementia, and by 2050 this number will reach 139 million. Every year, thousands of people worldwide die from diseases, health conditions that cause memory loss or dementia, and general decline in cognitive function due to the death of brain cells over time.

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According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia.

“Dementia means loss of cognitive function. The most common cause of this loss is the accumulation of certain substances in the brain (mainly amyloid and tau); these are the changes of Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, the more correct term is Alzheimer’s dementia -type, Nikolaos Skarmeas, a professor of neurology at the Medical School of the University of Athens, told Anadolu Agency (AA).

The exact causes of the disease are unknown, but genetic factors and age are considered to be among the most important, said AA Sophia Kanelapoulou, a psychologist at the Children’s Center of the Alzheimer Society of Athens.

However, Skarmeas said: “The cholesterol problem is quite complex. There is research that suggests cholesterol problems in middle age may play a role in dementia in old age. .”

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More than 60% of Alzheimer’s patients live in low- and middle-income countries, and 10 million new cases are added each year.

There is no definitive treatment for the disease, which is defined as a neurodegenerative disease accompanied by neuropsychiatric symptoms and behavioral changes characterized by reduced daily activities and cognitive decline.

According to the WHO, Alzheimer’s disease is the seventh most common cause of death worldwide, and by 2050 the number of patients will almost triple.

Much progress has been made since the early discovery of the disease by German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer in 1901, and scientists and researchers are optimistic that a cure may be on the way.

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Earlier this year, another 42 genes were identified, which scientists linked to the development of the disease.

The most important discovery was the MGMT gene, which scientists linked to the development of the disease in women, making them more susceptible to developing Alzheimer’s disease than men.

“It has long been known that this disease is more common in women than men. There are many possible reasons for this, including loss of hormonal protection after menopause, longer life expectancy, etc. There may be additional genetic reasons,” Skarmeas said.

In recent years, other types of treatment have been used around the world, mainly for patients who are in the initial or intermediate stages of the disease and used in combination with drug treatment.

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“A lot of funding has gone into dementia research because it’s a huge public health problem,” Skarmeas said, adding that “much better therapeutic tools” will be available in the future.

Three stages of the disease are usually distinguished – early, middle and advanced. In the advanced stage, patients cannot communicate with the environment at all and are 100% dependent on caregivers.

A woman in her late 60s has been living with Alzheimer’s disease for the past five years. Her husband, George Pano, said the disease progressed slowly, but the patient’s routine had changed.

“My biggest fear is that there will come a time when she won’t be able to recognize our children and our grandchildren or even me,” he said, adding: “It’s going to be a nightmare.”

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“There are times when she asks to visit her parents and her husband; they all died,” Kateryna told AA in a clearly sad tone.

“The worst thing is to see that someone you love and care about can’t recognize you. I can’t handle it sometimes,” she added.

“Emotional burden is very important because caregivers are more likely to be depressed, they tend to increase their use of psychotropic drugs and visit doctors more often… They sleep poorly and feel exhausted. Constant anxiety is a particularly aggravating factor,” Kanelapoulou said.

In Greece alone, according to the Alzheimer Society of Athens, 200,000 people suffer from dementia and 280,000 suffer from a mild mental disorder that is a precursor to dementia, while around 400,000 caregivers work with patients suffering from it. .

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Although the country has developed a national action plan to combat dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, and there are memory clinics and day care centers mainly in Greece’s major cities, services are still woefully inadequate.

You can unsubscribe at any time. By registering, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and Google’s privacy policy and terms of service apply. It is a form of dementia that causes memory loss, cognitive decline and changes in behavior and personality. Alzheimer’s disease can be a difficult and emotional journey for both the affected person and their caregivers.

Figuring out how best to support a loved one with Alzheimer’s as a caregiver can be even more challenging.

Understanding the biology of the disease and knowing the basics of treatment for the different stages of Alzheimer’s disease can help reduce the stress of caregiving.

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Alzheimer’s disease is caused by the death of brain cells, which eventually leads to brain shrinkage as brain cells and the connections between them break down (McGill).

Alzheimer’s disease affects 5.3 million Americans, but there is no medicine or approved treatment to slow the progression of the disease (McGill). Because Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by memory loss and an increased inability to perform everyday tasks, there is a great need for conscientious care, especially for people with moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain disease that affects memory, thinking and behavior. It is the most common cause of dementia, which is a group of symptoms that affect a person’s ability to think, communicate and carry out daily activities.

The disease is characterized by the accumulation of beta-amyloid protein in the brain, which forms plaques that interfere with communication between brain cells. Tau proteins also accumulate and form tangles that disrupt the normal functioning of brain cells. These changes lead to the death of brain cells and reduced cognitive abilities.

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Alzheimer’s disease progresses through several stages, with each stage characterized by a different level of cognitive decline. In the early stages, a person may experience mild memory loss and struggle with reasoning and thinking skills.

You can also see that these stages are characterized as early, middle and late stages respectively. Because the behaviors associated with each stage are very different, the recommended care for each stage is different.

Although not all people experience the same symptoms in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that people usually have trouble with directions, repeating questions, taking longer to complete daily tasks, knocking things over, or moderate personality has. changes (National Institutes of Health). The Alzheimer’s Association has made the following recommendations for caregivers of someone with mild Alzheimer’s disease:

Moderate Alzheimer’s disease is usually characterized by increased memory loss or confusion, difficulty recognizing friends and family, difficulty with unfamiliar situations, or delusions and hallucinations (NIH). Therefore, people with moderate Alzheimer’s disease require more attention and care than people with a mild form of the disease. The Alzheimer’s Association offers the following tips for caring for someone with moderate Alzheimer’s disease:

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In its final stages, Alzheimer’s disease makes people dependent on their caregivers, with severe symptoms such as weight loss, seizures, loss of communication and the inability to recognize those close to them (NIH).

During these difficult times, family and friends may face the most difficult care decisions and will need to provide the highest level of supervision and care. The Alzheimer’s Association provides the following guidelines for caring for a loved one with late-stage Alzheimer’s disease:

Having a loved one with Alzheimer’s disease can be incredibly difficult, and a great responsibility falls on the sole caregiver. A registered nurse can offer expertise and make the caregiving task easier.

As the number increases over the years, it is now more important than ever that family members, friends and healthcare professionals are informed about the effects of Alzheimer’s disease and how to deal with people living with the disease.

Early Warning Signs Of Dementia & Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s affects a person’s ability to communicate effectively; the person may have problems finding the right words, making new words or repeating the same word, among other things. We’ve compiled the following 7 tips to help you communicate effectively with a loved one living with Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia.

The connection can become more and more

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